Hypotensive effect of anandamide through the activation of CB1 and VR1 spinal receptors in urethane-anesthetized rats.Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2003 Oct; 368(4):270-6.NS
This study examined the effect of intrathecal (i.t.) injection of the endocannabinoid anandamide in urethane-anesthetized rats. The tip of the i.t. cannula was positioned at the T(12)-L(1) level of the spinal cord. Either anandamide or its metabolically stable analogue methanandamide (25 to 100 nmol) produced dose-dependent decreases in the blood pressure that persisted at least for up to 30 min. The hypotensive responses to 100 nmol anandamide and to 100 nmol methanandamide were -17.7+/-1.6 mmHg (n=5) and -17.9+/-2.0 mmHg (n=4), respectively. Hypotensive effects were also obtained with the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55212-2 (20 nmol; i.t.) as well as with the vanilloid VR(1) receptor agonist capsaicin (3 nmol; i.t.). Nicotinic ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium bromide [10 mg/kg; intravenous(i.v.)] abolished the responses to both anandamide and capsaicin. The i.t. administration of the CB(1) receptor antagonist, 20 nmol SR 141716A, as well as the VR(1) receptor antagonist, 20 nmol capsazepine, prevented almost completely the hypotensive responses to both anandamide and methanandamide. SR 141716A prevented the hypotension caused by WIN 55212-2 but did not modify the response to the vanilloid receptor agonist capsaicin. On the contrary, capsazepine antagonized the hypotension caused by capsaicin but failed to affect the decrease in blood pressure caused by the CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55212-2. These results suggest that anandamide could modulate the blood pressure through the activation of cannabinoid CB(1) receptors and vanilloid VR(1) receptors localized at the spinal cord.