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SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS regulates the transition and maintenance of flowering in tomato.
Planta. 2004 Jan; 218(3):427-34.P

Abstract

The characterisation of the single flower truss (sft) mutant phenotype of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), as well as its genetic interactions with other mutations affecting FALSIFLORA (FA) and SELF PRUNING (SP) genes, has revealed that SFT is a key gene in the control of floral transition and floral meristem identity. The single sft mutation produces a late-flowering phenotype in both long-day and short-day conditions. In combination with fa, a mutation affecting the tomato gene orthologous to LFY, sft completely blocks the transition to flowering in this species. Thus, the phenotype of the sft fa double mutants indicates that SFT and FA participate in two parallel pathways that regulate the switch from vegetative to reproductive phase in tomato, and that both genes are indispensable for flowering. On the other hand, the replacement of flowers by vegetative shoots observed in the sft inflorescence suggests that SFT regulates flower meristem identity during inflorescence development of tomato. In addition to these two main functions, SFT is involved in the development of both flowers and sympodial shoots of tomato. First, the mutation produces a partial conversion of sepals into leaves in the first floral whorl, and a reduction in the number of floral organs, particularly carpels. Secondly, the sympodial development in the mutant plants is altered, which can be related to the interaction between SFT and SP, a gene controlling the number of nodes in sympodial shoots. In fact, we have found that the sft phenotype is epistatic to that of sp, and that the level of SP mRNA in the apical buds of sft around flowering is reduced. SFT can therefore co-ordinate the regulation of two simultaneous developmental processes in the tomato apical shoot, the promotion of flowering in one sympodial segment and the vegetative development of the next segment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Biología Aplicada, Unidad de Genética, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14504922

Citation

Molinero-Rosales, Nuria, et al. "SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS Regulates the Transition and Maintenance of Flowering in Tomato." Planta, vol. 218, no. 3, 2004, pp. 427-34.
Molinero-Rosales N, Latorre A, Jamilena M, et al. SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS regulates the transition and maintenance of flowering in tomato. Planta. 2004;218(3):427-34.
Molinero-Rosales, N., Latorre, A., Jamilena, M., & Lozano, R. (2004). SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS regulates the transition and maintenance of flowering in tomato. Planta, 218(3), 427-34.
Molinero-Rosales N, et al. SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS Regulates the Transition and Maintenance of Flowering in Tomato. Planta. 2004;218(3):427-34. PubMed PMID: 14504922.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS regulates the transition and maintenance of flowering in tomato. AU - Molinero-Rosales,Nuria, AU - Latorre,Antonio, AU - Jamilena,Manuel, AU - Lozano,Rafael, Y1 - 2003/09/23/ PY - 2003/01/24/received PY - 2003/08/11/accepted PY - 2003/9/25/pubmed PY - 2004/5/5/medline PY - 2003/9/25/entrez SP - 427 EP - 34 JF - Planta JO - Planta VL - 218 IS - 3 N2 - The characterisation of the single flower truss (sft) mutant phenotype of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), as well as its genetic interactions with other mutations affecting FALSIFLORA (FA) and SELF PRUNING (SP) genes, has revealed that SFT is a key gene in the control of floral transition and floral meristem identity. The single sft mutation produces a late-flowering phenotype in both long-day and short-day conditions. In combination with fa, a mutation affecting the tomato gene orthologous to LFY, sft completely blocks the transition to flowering in this species. Thus, the phenotype of the sft fa double mutants indicates that SFT and FA participate in two parallel pathways that regulate the switch from vegetative to reproductive phase in tomato, and that both genes are indispensable for flowering. On the other hand, the replacement of flowers by vegetative shoots observed in the sft inflorescence suggests that SFT regulates flower meristem identity during inflorescence development of tomato. In addition to these two main functions, SFT is involved in the development of both flowers and sympodial shoots of tomato. First, the mutation produces a partial conversion of sepals into leaves in the first floral whorl, and a reduction in the number of floral organs, particularly carpels. Secondly, the sympodial development in the mutant plants is altered, which can be related to the interaction between SFT and SP, a gene controlling the number of nodes in sympodial shoots. In fact, we have found that the sft phenotype is epistatic to that of sp, and that the level of SP mRNA in the apical buds of sft around flowering is reduced. SFT can therefore co-ordinate the regulation of two simultaneous developmental processes in the tomato apical shoot, the promotion of flowering in one sympodial segment and the vegetative development of the next segment. SN - 0032-0935 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14504922/SINGLE_FLOWER_TRUSS_regulates_the_transition_and_maintenance_of_flowering_in_tomato_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-003-1109-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -