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Development and initial validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: prevalence and correlates of Hangover Symptoms in college students.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2003; 27(9):1442-50AC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite its ubiquity, hangover has received remarkably little systematic attention in alcohol research. This may be due in part to the lack of a standard measure of hangover symptoms that cleanly taps the physiologic and subjective effects commonly experienced the morning after drinking. In the present study, we developed and evaluated a new scale, the Hangover Symptoms Scale (HSS), to potentially fill this void.

METHODS

Participants were 1230 currently drinking college students (62% women, 91% Caucasian). They were administered a self-report inventory in which they reported the frequency of occurrence of 13 different hangover symptoms during the past 12 months. Participants also reported their history of alcohol involvement, alcohol-related problems, and family history of alcohol-related problems.

RESULTS

On average, participants experienced 5 out of 13 different hangover symptoms in the past year; the three most common symptoms were feeling extremely thirsty/dehydrated, feeling more tired than usual, and headache. Higher scores on the HSS were significantly positively associated with the frequency of drinking and getting drunk and the typical quantity of alcohol consumed when drinking, a personal history of alcohol-related problems, and a family history of alcohol-related problems. After controlling for sex differences in alcohol involvement, women had higher scores on the HSS than men.

CONCLUSIONS

The HSS appears to capture a reasonably valid set of adjectives describing common hangover effects. It is hoped that the availability of a brief, valid hangover assessment such as the HSS will encourage further study of hangover's frequency, correlates, and consequences. Future research is needed to explore the performance of a re-worded HSS in laboratory settings, which may help bridge the gap between laboratory and survey investigations of hangover.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences, Missouri Alcoholism Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, 65211, USA. wendy@martha.psyc.missouri.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14506405

Citation

Slutske, Wendy S., et al. "Development and Initial Validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: Prevalence and Correlates of Hangover Symptoms in College Students." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 27, no. 9, 2003, pp. 1442-50.
Slutske WS, Piasecki TM, Hunt-Carter EE. Development and initial validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: prevalence and correlates of Hangover Symptoms in college students. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2003;27(9):1442-50.
Slutske, W. S., Piasecki, T. M., & Hunt-Carter, E. E. (2003). Development and initial validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: prevalence and correlates of Hangover Symptoms in college students. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(9), pp. 1442-50.
Slutske WS, Piasecki TM, Hunt-Carter EE. Development and Initial Validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: Prevalence and Correlates of Hangover Symptoms in College Students. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2003;27(9):1442-50. PubMed PMID: 14506405.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Development and initial validation of the Hangover Symptoms Scale: prevalence and correlates of Hangover Symptoms in college students. AU - Slutske,Wendy S, AU - Piasecki,Thomas M, AU - Hunt-Carter,Erin E, PY - 2003/9/25/pubmed PY - 2004/5/5/medline PY - 2003/9/25/entrez SP - 1442 EP - 50 JF - Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research JO - Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. VL - 27 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite its ubiquity, hangover has received remarkably little systematic attention in alcohol research. This may be due in part to the lack of a standard measure of hangover symptoms that cleanly taps the physiologic and subjective effects commonly experienced the morning after drinking. In the present study, we developed and evaluated a new scale, the Hangover Symptoms Scale (HSS), to potentially fill this void. METHODS: Participants were 1230 currently drinking college students (62% women, 91% Caucasian). They were administered a self-report inventory in which they reported the frequency of occurrence of 13 different hangover symptoms during the past 12 months. Participants also reported their history of alcohol involvement, alcohol-related problems, and family history of alcohol-related problems. RESULTS: On average, participants experienced 5 out of 13 different hangover symptoms in the past year; the three most common symptoms were feeling extremely thirsty/dehydrated, feeling more tired than usual, and headache. Higher scores on the HSS were significantly positively associated with the frequency of drinking and getting drunk and the typical quantity of alcohol consumed when drinking, a personal history of alcohol-related problems, and a family history of alcohol-related problems. After controlling for sex differences in alcohol involvement, women had higher scores on the HSS than men. CONCLUSIONS: The HSS appears to capture a reasonably valid set of adjectives describing common hangover effects. It is hoped that the availability of a brief, valid hangover assessment such as the HSS will encourage further study of hangover's frequency, correlates, and consequences. Future research is needed to explore the performance of a re-worded HSS in laboratory settings, which may help bridge the gap between laboratory and survey investigations of hangover. SN - 0145-6008 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14506405/Development_and_initial_validation_of_the_Hangover_Symptoms_Scale:_prevalence_and_correlates_of_Hangover_Symptoms_in_college_students_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0145-6008&date=2003&volume=27&issue=9&spage=1442 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -