[A study on the measures against Hansen's disease during the Colonial Korea].Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 2003; 49(2):223-61NI
In order to evaluate the measures taken against Hansen's diseases during the colonial era in Korea, from 1910-1945, I analyzed both Korean and Japanese materials and carried out field research. The Korean government-general established a hospital in 1916 and executed measures against Hansen's disease. These efforts can be divided into three periods. At first they started as a part of colonial policy. Then, in the middle period, with the change of Japanese policy on Hansen's disease, a Korean association was established and the Hansen's Disease Prevention Act was issued in Korea, aiming at the compulsory isolation of lepers. In the later period, during the war, the inmates were forced into an extremely severe environment and deprived of their human rights. My study shows that their policies changed greatly with the passage of time. Though they started them to relieve the suffering of the lepers in the beginning, they turned to be compulsory isolation of the patients in the later period and to the violation of their human rights.