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High carbohydrate and high monounsaturated fatty acid diets similarly affect LDL electrophoretic characteristics in men who are losing weight.
J Nutr. 2003 Oct; 133(10):3124-9.JN

Abstract

We compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of a defined high complex carbohydrate (CHO) diet (% of energy: CHO, 58.3; fat, 25.8) vs. a defined high monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) diet (% of energy: CHO, 44.7; fat, 40.1; MUFA, 22.5) on LDL electrophoretic characteristics. Healthy men [n = 65; age, 37.5 +/- 11.2 (mean +/- SD) y; BMI, 29.2 +/- 4.9 kg/m2] were randomly assigned to one of the two diets that they consumed for 6-7 wk. The high CHO diet significantly reduced body weight (-2%). The diet-induced reduction in plasma LDL cholesterol (C) levels in the high-CHO diet group was due mainly to concurrent reductions in the cholesterol content of small (<25.5 nm, P < 0.01) and medium-sized LDL (25.5-26.0 nm, P = 0.01). The high MUFA diet also reduced body weight, and LDL-C and LDL-apolipoprotein (apo)B levels, which were comparable to those in the high CHO group. The cholesterol levels of small LDL particles tended to be reduced (P = 0.24) in the high MUFA group (-12%), similar to changes in the high CHO group. These results suggest that, when associated with weight loss, ad libitum consumption of high CHO and high MUFA diets may be considered to be equally beneficial for the management of LDL-related atherogenic dyslipidemia. However, the high MUFA diet more favorably affected triglyceride levels, suggesting that it may be preferable to a high CHO diet in cardiovascular disease prevention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Institute, Laval University, Québec, Canada G1K 7P4.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14519795

Citation

Archer, W Roodly, et al. "High Carbohydrate and High Monounsaturated Fatty Acid Diets Similarly Affect LDL Electrophoretic Characteristics in Men Who Are Losing Weight." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 133, no. 10, 2003, pp. 3124-9.
Archer WR, Lamarche B, St-Pierre AC, et al. High carbohydrate and high monounsaturated fatty acid diets similarly affect LDL electrophoretic characteristics in men who are losing weight. J Nutr. 2003;133(10):3124-9.
Archer, W. R., Lamarche, B., St-Pierre, A. C., Mauger, J. F., Dériaz, O., Landry, N., Corneau, L., Després, J. P., Bergeron, J., Couture, P., & Bergeron, N. (2003). High carbohydrate and high monounsaturated fatty acid diets similarly affect LDL electrophoretic characteristics in men who are losing weight. The Journal of Nutrition, 133(10), 3124-9.
Archer WR, et al. High Carbohydrate and High Monounsaturated Fatty Acid Diets Similarly Affect LDL Electrophoretic Characteristics in Men Who Are Losing Weight. J Nutr. 2003;133(10):3124-9. PubMed PMID: 14519795.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High carbohydrate and high monounsaturated fatty acid diets similarly affect LDL electrophoretic characteristics in men who are losing weight. AU - Archer,W Roodly, AU - Lamarche,Benoît, AU - St-Pierre,Annie C, AU - Mauger,Jean-François, AU - Dériaz,Olivier, AU - Landry,Nancy, AU - Corneau,Louise, AU - Després,Jean-Pierre, AU - Bergeron,Jean, AU - Couture,Patrick, AU - Bergeron,Nathalie, PY - 2003/10/2/pubmed PY - 2003/12/3/medline PY - 2003/10/2/entrez SP - 3124 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 133 IS - 10 N2 - We compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of a defined high complex carbohydrate (CHO) diet (% of energy: CHO, 58.3; fat, 25.8) vs. a defined high monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) diet (% of energy: CHO, 44.7; fat, 40.1; MUFA, 22.5) on LDL electrophoretic characteristics. Healthy men [n = 65; age, 37.5 +/- 11.2 (mean +/- SD) y; BMI, 29.2 +/- 4.9 kg/m2] were randomly assigned to one of the two diets that they consumed for 6-7 wk. The high CHO diet significantly reduced body weight (-2%). The diet-induced reduction in plasma LDL cholesterol (C) levels in the high-CHO diet group was due mainly to concurrent reductions in the cholesterol content of small (<25.5 nm, P < 0.01) and medium-sized LDL (25.5-26.0 nm, P = 0.01). The high MUFA diet also reduced body weight, and LDL-C and LDL-apolipoprotein (apo)B levels, which were comparable to those in the high CHO group. The cholesterol levels of small LDL particles tended to be reduced (P = 0.24) in the high MUFA group (-12%), similar to changes in the high CHO group. These results suggest that, when associated with weight loss, ad libitum consumption of high CHO and high MUFA diets may be considered to be equally beneficial for the management of LDL-related atherogenic dyslipidemia. However, the high MUFA diet more favorably affected triglyceride levels, suggesting that it may be preferable to a high CHO diet in cardiovascular disease prevention. SN - 0022-3166 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14519795/High_carbohydrate_and_high_monounsaturated_fatty_acid_diets_similarly_affect_LDL_electrophoretic_characteristics_in_men_who_are_losing_weight_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/133.10.3124 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -