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Current consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease.
Keio J Med 2003; 52(3):163-73KJ

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a spiral shaped bacterium that resides in the stomach mucosa. Isolation of H. pylori from the stomach mucosa changed the erstwhile widely held belief that the stomach contains no bacteria and is actually sterile. Once H. pylori is safely ensconced in the mucus, it is able to neutralize the acid in the stomach by elaborating an enzyme called urease. Urease converts urea, of which there is an abundant supply in the stomach (derived from saliva and the gastric juice), into bicarbonate and ammonia, which are strong bases. These bases form a cloud of acid-neutralizing chemicals in the vicinity of the organisms, protecting them from the acid in the stomach. This urea hydrolysis reaction is utilized for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in the urea breath test (UBT) and the rapid urease test (RUT). In Japan, both invasive tests, such as bacterial culture, histopathology and RUT, and non-invasive tests such as UBT and serology are conducted for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. For confirming the results of eradication therapy, UBT is considered to be the most sensitive and specific. In order to treat H. pylori infection, a new one-week triple therapy regimen (lansoprazole or omeprazole + amoxicillin + clarithromycin) has been approved for use in patients with peptic ulcer disease in Japan. As for H. pylori eradication in the case of other diseases in which the bacterium has been implicated (e.g., chronic atrophic gastritis, gastric MALT lymphoma, gastric cancer, non-ulcer dyspepsia, chronic urticaria, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)), further basic and clinical investigation is required.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine Keio University, Tokyo, Japan. hsuzuki@sc.itc.keio.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14529149

Citation

Suzuki, Hidekazu, et al. "Current Consensus On the Diagnosis and Treatment of H. Pylori-associated Gastroduodenal Disease." The Keio Journal of Medicine, vol. 52, no. 3, 2003, pp. 163-73.
Suzuki H, Masaoka T, Nomura S, et al. Current consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease. Keio J Med. 2003;52(3):163-73.
Suzuki, H., Masaoka, T., Nomura, S., Hoshino, Y., Kurabayashi, K., Minegishi, Y., ... Ishii, H. (2003). Current consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease. The Keio Journal of Medicine, 52(3), pp. 163-73.
Suzuki H, et al. Current Consensus On the Diagnosis and Treatment of H. Pylori-associated Gastroduodenal Disease. Keio J Med. 2003;52(3):163-73. PubMed PMID: 14529149.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Current consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal disease. AU - Suzuki,Hidekazu, AU - Masaoka,Tatsuhiro, AU - Nomura,Sachiko, AU - Hoshino,Yoshinori, AU - Kurabayashi,Kumiko, AU - Minegishi,Yuriko, AU - Suzuki,Masayuki, AU - Ishii,Hiromasa, PY - 2003/10/8/pubmed PY - 2003/12/3/medline PY - 2003/10/8/entrez SP - 163 EP - 73 JF - The Keio journal of medicine JO - Keio J Med VL - 52 IS - 3 N2 - Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a spiral shaped bacterium that resides in the stomach mucosa. Isolation of H. pylori from the stomach mucosa changed the erstwhile widely held belief that the stomach contains no bacteria and is actually sterile. Once H. pylori is safely ensconced in the mucus, it is able to neutralize the acid in the stomach by elaborating an enzyme called urease. Urease converts urea, of which there is an abundant supply in the stomach (derived from saliva and the gastric juice), into bicarbonate and ammonia, which are strong bases. These bases form a cloud of acid-neutralizing chemicals in the vicinity of the organisms, protecting them from the acid in the stomach. This urea hydrolysis reaction is utilized for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection in the urea breath test (UBT) and the rapid urease test (RUT). In Japan, both invasive tests, such as bacterial culture, histopathology and RUT, and non-invasive tests such as UBT and serology are conducted for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. For confirming the results of eradication therapy, UBT is considered to be the most sensitive and specific. In order to treat H. pylori infection, a new one-week triple therapy regimen (lansoprazole or omeprazole + amoxicillin + clarithromycin) has been approved for use in patients with peptic ulcer disease in Japan. As for H. pylori eradication in the case of other diseases in which the bacterium has been implicated (e.g., chronic atrophic gastritis, gastric MALT lymphoma, gastric cancer, non-ulcer dyspepsia, chronic urticaria, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)), further basic and clinical investigation is required. SN - 0022-9717 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14529149/Current_consensus_on_the_diagnosis_and_treatment_of_H__pylori_associated_gastroduodenal_disease_ L2 - https://japanlinkcenter.org/JST.Journalarchive/kjm1952/52.163?from=PubMed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -