Experimental design of Fenton and photo-Fenton reactions for the treatment of cellulose bleaching effluents.Chemosphere. 2003 Dec; 53(10):1211-20.C
Multivariate experimental design was applied to the treatment of a cellulose conventional bleaching effluent in order to evaluate the use of the Fenton reagent under solar light irradiation. The effluent was characterised by the general parameters total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand and color, and it was analysed for chlorinated low molecular weight compounds using GC-MS. The main parameters that govern the complex reactive system: Fe(II) and H(2)O(2) initial concentration, and temperature were simultaneously studied. Factorial experimental design allowed to assign the weight of each variable in the TOC removal after 15 min of reaction. Temperature had an important effect in the organic matter degradation, especially when the ratio of Fenton reagents was not properly chosen. Fenton reagent under solar irradiation proved to be highly effective for these types of wastewaters. A 90% TOC reduction was achieved in only 15 min of treatment. In addition, the GC-MS analysis showed the elimination of the chlorinated organic compounds initially detected in the studied bleaching effluents.