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Reproduction and maternal nutrition in Madura, Indonesia.
Trop Geogr Med. 1992 Jul; 44(3):248-55.TG

Abstract

The prevalence and severity of chronic energy deficiency (CED) among women of reproductive age as well as its consequences on the newborn and the mother were assessed in a longitudinal study. More than 40% of the mothers had a Body Mass Index (BMI) less than 18.5 before pregnancy, a level below which CED is considered to exist. Weight gain during pregnancy was low, on average 6.6 kg. Taking the difference between 4 week postpartum weight and pre-pregnant weight as net weight gain during pregnancy, mothers with a BMI less than 18.5 before pregnancy gained weight while those with a higher BMI lost weight. This observation suggests that the partitioning of energy to the fetus and the mother depends on the energy reserves of the mother before pregnancy. The functional significance of BMI as an indicator of CED is illustrated by its relation with birth weight. Similarly, 4 week postpartum, weight and BMI were predictive for the weight changes in the mother in the first 12 months after delivery. The groups with the lowest values gained weight, while the heaviest mothers lost weight. In view of the negative effects of CED among women of reproductive age on the infant and the mother, maternal undernutrition should receive the same attention as malnutrition among preschool children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1455531

Citation

Kusin, J A., et al. "Reproduction and Maternal Nutrition in Madura, Indonesia." Tropical and Geographical Medicine, vol. 44, no. 3, 1992, pp. 248-55.
Kusin JA, Kardjati S, Renqvist U, et al. Reproduction and maternal nutrition in Madura, Indonesia. Trop Geogr Med. 1992;44(3):248-55.
Kusin, J. A., Kardjati, S., Renqvist, U., & Goei, K. (1992). Reproduction and maternal nutrition in Madura, Indonesia. Tropical and Geographical Medicine, 44(3), 248-55.
Kusin JA, et al. Reproduction and Maternal Nutrition in Madura, Indonesia. Trop Geogr Med. 1992;44(3):248-55. PubMed PMID: 1455531.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reproduction and maternal nutrition in Madura, Indonesia. AU - Kusin,J A, AU - Kardjati,S, AU - Renqvist,U, AU - Goei,K, PY - 1992/7/1/pubmed PY - 1992/7/1/medline PY - 1992/7/1/entrez KW - Anthropometry KW - Asia KW - Biology KW - Birth Weight KW - Body Weight KW - Caloric Intake KW - Comparative Studies KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Health KW - Indonesia KW - Longitudinal Studies KW - Malnutrition--women KW - Maternal Nutrition KW - Measurement KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Postpartum Women KW - Pregnancy KW - Pregnancy, First Trimester KW - Pregnancy, Third Trimester KW - Pregnant Women KW - Puerperium KW - Reproduction KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Rural Population--women KW - Southeastern Asia KW - Studies SP - 248 EP - 55 JF - Tropical and geographical medicine JO - Trop Geogr Med VL - 44 IS - 3 N2 - The prevalence and severity of chronic energy deficiency (CED) among women of reproductive age as well as its consequences on the newborn and the mother were assessed in a longitudinal study. More than 40% of the mothers had a Body Mass Index (BMI) less than 18.5 before pregnancy, a level below which CED is considered to exist. Weight gain during pregnancy was low, on average 6.6 kg. Taking the difference between 4 week postpartum weight and pre-pregnant weight as net weight gain during pregnancy, mothers with a BMI less than 18.5 before pregnancy gained weight while those with a higher BMI lost weight. This observation suggests that the partitioning of energy to the fetus and the mother depends on the energy reserves of the mother before pregnancy. The functional significance of BMI as an indicator of CED is illustrated by its relation with birth weight. Similarly, 4 week postpartum, weight and BMI were predictive for the weight changes in the mother in the first 12 months after delivery. The groups with the lowest values gained weight, while the heaviest mothers lost weight. In view of the negative effects of CED among women of reproductive age on the infant and the mother, maternal undernutrition should receive the same attention as malnutrition among preschool children. SN - 0041-3232 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1455531/Reproduction_and_maternal_nutrition_in_Madura_Indonesia_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/bodyweight.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -