Sequential IV/PO moxifloxacin treatment of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia.Respir Med. 2003 Oct; 97(10):1134-42.RM
IV/PO moxifloxacin was evaluated in the treatment of hospitalized patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Data were pooled from two prospective, randomized studies. In the multinational study, patients received 7-14 days IV/PO moxifloxacin 400 mg QD or IV/ PO amoxicillin clavulanate 1200/625 mg TID +/- IV/PO clarithromycin 500 mg BID. In the North American study, patients received 7-14 days IV/PO moxifloxacin 400 mg QD, IV/ PO alatrofloxacin/trovafloxacin 200 mg QD, or IV/PO levofloxacin 500 mg QD. The primary endpoint was clinical success at the test-to-cure visit. Severe CAP was defined according to the 1993 ATS criteria.
In the clinically valid population, clinical success rates were 88% (167/190) for moxifloxacin- and 83% (155/186) for comparator-treated patients (95% CI = -1.9%, 12.2%). Corresponding clinical success rates for the microbiologically valid population were 87% (59/68) and 84% (54/64), respectively (95% CI = 8.6%, 15.0%). A switch from IV to PO therapy was made by day 5 of therapy for 73% of moxifloxacin- vs. 60% of comparator-treated patients (P < 0.01). Clinical success rates were similar in a retrospective analysis using the revised 2001 ATS definition of severe CAP. Mortality rates were 6% (15/241) and 10% (24/238) in the moxifloxacin and comparator treatment groups, respectively. The incidence of drug-related adverse events was similar in both treatment groups.
Sequential IV/PO moxifloxacin 400 mg QD is as safe and effective as other fluoroquinolones and a beta-lactam/macrolide combination for treating hospitalized patients with severe CAP.