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Do executive deficits and delay aversion make independent contributions to preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms?
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003 Nov; 42(11):1335-42.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test whether deficits in executive function and delay aversion make independent contributions to levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms exhibited by preschool children.

METHOD

One hundred fifty-six children between 3 and 5.5 years old (78 girls and 78 boys) selected from the community completed an age-appropriate battery of tests measuring working memory, set shifting, planning, delay of gratification, and preference for delayed rewards. Parents completed a clinical interview about their children's ADHD symptoms.

RESULTS

Analysis of test performance revealed two factors: executive dysfunction and delay aversion. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that when other factors (i.e., age, IQ, and conduct problems) were controlled, executive dysfunction and delay aversion each made significant independent contributions to predictions of ADHD symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS

Preschool ADHD symptoms are psychologically heterogeneous. Executive dysfunction and delay aversion may represent two distinct and early appearing neurodevelopmental bases for ADHD symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. ejb3@soton.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14566171

Citation

Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J S., et al. "Do Executive Deficits and Delay Aversion Make Independent Contributions to Preschool Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms?" Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 42, no. 11, 2003, pp. 1335-42.
Sonuga-Barke EJ, Dalen L, Remington B. Do executive deficits and delay aversion make independent contributions to preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms? J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003;42(11):1335-42.
Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Dalen, L., & Remington, B. (2003). Do executive deficits and delay aversion make independent contributions to preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(11), 1335-42.
Sonuga-Barke EJ, Dalen L, Remington B. Do Executive Deficits and Delay Aversion Make Independent Contributions to Preschool Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003;42(11):1335-42. PubMed PMID: 14566171.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do executive deficits and delay aversion make independent contributions to preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms? AU - Sonuga-Barke,Edmund J S, AU - Dalen,Lindy, AU - Remington,Bob, PY - 2003/10/21/pubmed PY - 2003/12/10/medline PY - 2003/10/21/entrez SP - 1335 EP - 42 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 42 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test whether deficits in executive function and delay aversion make independent contributions to levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms exhibited by preschool children. METHOD: One hundred fifty-six children between 3 and 5.5 years old (78 girls and 78 boys) selected from the community completed an age-appropriate battery of tests measuring working memory, set shifting, planning, delay of gratification, and preference for delayed rewards. Parents completed a clinical interview about their children's ADHD symptoms. RESULTS: Analysis of test performance revealed two factors: executive dysfunction and delay aversion. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that when other factors (i.e., age, IQ, and conduct problems) were controlled, executive dysfunction and delay aversion each made significant independent contributions to predictions of ADHD symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Preschool ADHD symptoms are psychologically heterogeneous. Executive dysfunction and delay aversion may represent two distinct and early appearing neurodevelopmental bases for ADHD symptoms. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14566171/Do_executive_deficits_and_delay_aversion_make_independent_contributions_to_preschool_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_symptoms L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)62107-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -