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Food security and child nutritional status among Orang Asli (Temuan) households in Hulu Langat, Selangor.
Med J Malaysia. 2002 Mar; 57(1):36-50.MJ

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of household food insecurity and its potential risk factors and outcomes among the Orang Asli (Temuan) households. Socioeconomic, demographic and food security information of the households and anthropometric measurements and dietary intakes of preschoolers (n = 64) were obtained using a structured questionnaire. Food security was assessed using the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity instrument. Diet quality was based on 24 hour recall and analyzed according to the Malaysian RDA and Food Guide Pyramid. Majority of the households (82%) reported some kind of household food insecurity. The prevalence of significant underweight, stunting and wasting were 45.3%, 51.6% and 7.8%, respectively. Dietary intakes were less than 2/3 RDA levels for calories, calcium and iron. However, the intakes of protein, vitamin A, vitamin C and niacin exceeded the RDA and the sources for these nutrients were mainly rice, fish and green leafy vegetables. Among the five food groups, only the number of servings from cereals/cereal products/tubers group was achieved while that of the milk/diary products was the worst. Majority of the children (68.7%) had poor, 31.3% had fair and none with excellent diet quality. In general, diet quality and nutritional status of the children decreased as household food insecurity worsened. It is recommended that the nutritional problems of Orang Asli children be addressed through health, nutrition and economic programs and further studies should be carried out on determinants and consequences of household food insecurity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14569716

Citation

Zalilah, M S., and B L. Tham. "Food Security and Child Nutritional Status Among Orang Asli (Temuan) Households in Hulu Langat, Selangor." The Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 57, no. 1, 2002, pp. 36-50.
Zalilah MS, Tham BL. Food security and child nutritional status among Orang Asli (Temuan) households in Hulu Langat, Selangor. Med J Malaysia. 2002;57(1):36-50.
Zalilah, M. S., & Tham, B. L. (2002). Food security and child nutritional status among Orang Asli (Temuan) households in Hulu Langat, Selangor. The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 57(1), 36-50.
Zalilah MS, Tham BL. Food Security and Child Nutritional Status Among Orang Asli (Temuan) Households in Hulu Langat, Selangor. Med J Malaysia. 2002;57(1):36-50. PubMed PMID: 14569716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food security and child nutritional status among Orang Asli (Temuan) households in Hulu Langat, Selangor. AU - Zalilah,M S, AU - Tham,B L, PY - 2003/10/23/pubmed PY - 2003/11/5/medline PY - 2003/10/23/entrez SP - 36 EP - 50 JF - The Medical journal of Malaysia JO - Med J Malaysia VL - 57 IS - 1 N2 - This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of household food insecurity and its potential risk factors and outcomes among the Orang Asli (Temuan) households. Socioeconomic, demographic and food security information of the households and anthropometric measurements and dietary intakes of preschoolers (n = 64) were obtained using a structured questionnaire. Food security was assessed using the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity instrument. Diet quality was based on 24 hour recall and analyzed according to the Malaysian RDA and Food Guide Pyramid. Majority of the households (82%) reported some kind of household food insecurity. The prevalence of significant underweight, stunting and wasting were 45.3%, 51.6% and 7.8%, respectively. Dietary intakes were less than 2/3 RDA levels for calories, calcium and iron. However, the intakes of protein, vitamin A, vitamin C and niacin exceeded the RDA and the sources for these nutrients were mainly rice, fish and green leafy vegetables. Among the five food groups, only the number of servings from cereals/cereal products/tubers group was achieved while that of the milk/diary products was the worst. Majority of the children (68.7%) had poor, 31.3% had fair and none with excellent diet quality. In general, diet quality and nutritional status of the children decreased as household food insecurity worsened. It is recommended that the nutritional problems of Orang Asli children be addressed through health, nutrition and economic programs and further studies should be carried out on determinants and consequences of household food insecurity. SN - 0300-5283 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14569716/Food_security_and_child_nutritional_status_among_Orang_Asli__Temuan__households_in_Hulu_Langat_Selangor_ L2 - http://www.e-mjm.org/2002/v57n1/Food_security.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -