[Intrathoracic bleeding during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy].Kyobu Geka. 2003 Oct; 56(11):928-31.KG
We have reviewed our experience from January 2001 through January 2003 in 33 video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy (VATS) in patients with cT1N0M0 lung cancer to look at intraoperative bleeding from pulmonary vessels. Intraoperative bleeding occurred in 15 cases, 45.5% of 33 VATS procedures, and 2 cases, 6.1% of VATS procedures converted to an open procedure. Intraoperative bleeding occurred more frequently in VATS segmentectomy than VATS lobectomy. Most of bleeding from pulmonary arteries and veins can be controlled by compression, and they can be controlled thoracoscopically by tie or suture through the utility thoracotomy. But, significant bleeding from pulmonary arteries, which can not be controlled with a mounted swab, it should be converted to an open procedure.