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Imagery rehearsal in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in Australian veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD: 12-month follow-up data.
J Trauma Stress. 2003 Oct; 16(5):509-13.JT

Abstract

Nightmares are often a distressing symptom for veterans with chronic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A psychological treatment that has recently shown considerable promise is Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT). In a pilot study by the current authors, IRT was demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in a group of combat veterans up to 3-month posttreatment. This study reports the 12-month follow-up data of the pilot study, examining the longer term outcome of the IRT treatment. Twelve Australian Vietnam veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD were treated with 6 once weekly sessions of imagery rehearsal and assessed using standardised measures of nightmare frequency and intensity, PTSD, depression, anxiety and broader symptomatology at intake, posttreatment, and 3-and 12-month follow-up. Significant improvements in targeted nightmare frequency and intensity were evident to 12-month posttreatment. Similarly, improvements in overall PTSD, depression, anxiety, and broader based symptomatology were also maintained to 12 months. This study provides preliminary evidence that the positive treatment effects of IRT on posttraumatic nightmares, PTSD, and broader symptomatology in males with chronic combat-related PTSD are maintained in the longer term.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, West Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia. dforbes@unimelb.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14584636

Citation

Forbes, David, et al. "Imagery Rehearsal in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Nightmares in Australian Veterans With Chronic Combat-related PTSD: 12-month Follow-up Data." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 16, no. 5, 2003, pp. 509-13.
Forbes D, Phelps AJ, McHugh AF, et al. Imagery rehearsal in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in Australian veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD: 12-month follow-up data. J Trauma Stress. 2003;16(5):509-13.
Forbes, D., Phelps, A. J., McHugh, A. F., Debenham, P., Hopwood, M., & Creamer, M. (2003). Imagery rehearsal in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in Australian veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD: 12-month follow-up data. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16(5), 509-13.
Forbes D, et al. Imagery Rehearsal in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Nightmares in Australian Veterans With Chronic Combat-related PTSD: 12-month Follow-up Data. J Trauma Stress. 2003;16(5):509-13. PubMed PMID: 14584636.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Imagery rehearsal in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in Australian veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD: 12-month follow-up data. AU - Forbes,David, AU - Phelps,Andrea J, AU - McHugh,Anthony F, AU - Debenham,Paul, AU - Hopwood,Malcolm, AU - Creamer,Mark, PY - 2003/10/31/pubmed PY - 2004/2/11/medline PY - 2003/10/31/entrez SP - 509 EP - 13 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - Nightmares are often a distressing symptom for veterans with chronic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A psychological treatment that has recently shown considerable promise is Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT). In a pilot study by the current authors, IRT was demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in a group of combat veterans up to 3-month posttreatment. This study reports the 12-month follow-up data of the pilot study, examining the longer term outcome of the IRT treatment. Twelve Australian Vietnam veterans with chronic combat-related PTSD were treated with 6 once weekly sessions of imagery rehearsal and assessed using standardised measures of nightmare frequency and intensity, PTSD, depression, anxiety and broader symptomatology at intake, posttreatment, and 3-and 12-month follow-up. Significant improvements in targeted nightmare frequency and intensity were evident to 12-month posttreatment. Similarly, improvements in overall PTSD, depression, anxiety, and broader based symptomatology were also maintained to 12 months. This study provides preliminary evidence that the positive treatment effects of IRT on posttraumatic nightmares, PTSD, and broader symptomatology in males with chronic combat-related PTSD are maintained in the longer term. SN - 0894-9867 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14584636/Imagery_rehearsal_in_the_treatment_of_posttraumatic_nightmares_in_Australian_veterans_with_chronic_combat_related_PTSD:_12_month_follow_up_data_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025718830026 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -