Nitric oxide and collagen expression in allergic upper-airway disease.Am J Rhinol. 2003 Sep-Oct; 17(5):269-74.AJ
The presence of nitric oxide (NO) in high concentrations has been described in the nasal mucosa of patients with untreated allergic rhinitis. We sought to examine the role of exogenous, as well as endogenous, NO in the production of collagen type I and type III by human nasal fibroblasts.
Primary cultured fibroblasts derived from eosinophilic nasal polyps were exposed to NO donors (500 microM of S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine (SNAP) 1000 micoM of 3,3-bis(aminoethyl)-1-hydroxy-2-oxo-1-triazene (DETA-NONOate)) and various other compounds over a 24-hour incubation period. Collagen production was evaluated qualitatively by immunocytochemistry and quantitatively by Western blot analysis.
Maximally stimulated fibroblasts established a 2,2-fold increase in the production of type III collagen relative type 1, as compared with baseline. Oxyhemoglobin, an NO scavenger, abolished this effect. SNAP (500 microM) caused a 15.68 +/- 0.68% increase in collagen type I synthesis as compared with unstimulated controls (p < 0.05). In contrast, incubation with SNAP caused an increase in collagen type III production by a factor of 34.68 +/- 0.32% (p < 0.05).
NO stimulates collagen expression in human nasal polyp-derived fibroblasts. This stimulation appeared to favor the up-regulation of collagen type III, leading to a shift in the ratio of collagen type I to type III production.