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HMt, a histone-related protein from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H.
J Bacteriol. 1992 Dec; 174(24):7890-5.JB

Abstract

HMt, a histone-related protein, has been isolated and characterized from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H. HMt preparations contain two polypeptides designated HMt1 and HMt2, encoded by the hmtA and hmtB genes, respectively, that have been cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. HMt1 and HMt2 are predicted to contain 68 and 67 amino acid residues, respectively, and have calculated molecular masses of 7,275 and 7,141 Da, respectively. Aligning the amino acid sequences of HMt1 and HMt2 with the sequences of HMf1 and HMf2, the subunit polypeptides of HMf, a histone-related protein from the hyperthermophile Methanothermus fervidus, revealed that 40 amino acid residues (approximately 60%) are conserved in all four polypeptides. In pairwise comparisons, these four polypeptides are 66 to 84% identical. The sequences and locations of the TATA box promoter elements and ribosome binding sites are very similar upstream of the hmtA and hmtB genes in M. thermoautotrophicum and upstream of the hmfA and hmfB genes in M. fervidus. HMt binding compacted linear pUC19 DNA molecules in vitro and therefore increased their electrophoretic mobilities through agarose gels. At protein/DNA mass ratios of < 0.2:1, HMt binding caused an increase in the overall negative superhelicity of relaxed, circular DNA molecules, but at HMt/DNA mass ratios of > 0.2:1, positive supercoils were introduced into these molecules. HMt and HMf are indistinguishable in terms of their abilities to compact and constrain DNA molecules in positive toroidal supercoils in vitro. Histone-related proteins with these properties are therefore not limited to reverse gyrase-containing hyperthermophilic species.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1459937

Citation

Tabassum, R, et al. "HMt, a Histone-related Protein From Methanobacterium Thermoautotrophicum Delta H." Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 174, no. 24, 1992, pp. 7890-5.
Tabassum R, Sandman KM, Reeve JN. HMt, a histone-related protein from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H. J Bacteriol. 1992;174(24):7890-5.
Tabassum, R., Sandman, K. M., & Reeve, J. N. (1992). HMt, a histone-related protein from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H. Journal of Bacteriology, 174(24), 7890-5.
Tabassum R, Sandman KM, Reeve JN. HMt, a Histone-related Protein From Methanobacterium Thermoautotrophicum Delta H. J Bacteriol. 1992;174(24):7890-5. PubMed PMID: 1459937.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - HMt, a histone-related protein from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H. AU - Tabassum,R, AU - Sandman,K M, AU - Reeve,J N, PY - 1992/12/1/pubmed PY - 1992/12/1/medline PY - 1992/12/1/entrez SP - 7890 EP - 5 JF - Journal of bacteriology JO - J Bacteriol VL - 174 IS - 24 N2 - HMt, a histone-related protein, has been isolated and characterized from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H. HMt preparations contain two polypeptides designated HMt1 and HMt2, encoded by the hmtA and hmtB genes, respectively, that have been cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. HMt1 and HMt2 are predicted to contain 68 and 67 amino acid residues, respectively, and have calculated molecular masses of 7,275 and 7,141 Da, respectively. Aligning the amino acid sequences of HMt1 and HMt2 with the sequences of HMf1 and HMf2, the subunit polypeptides of HMf, a histone-related protein from the hyperthermophile Methanothermus fervidus, revealed that 40 amino acid residues (approximately 60%) are conserved in all four polypeptides. In pairwise comparisons, these four polypeptides are 66 to 84% identical. The sequences and locations of the TATA box promoter elements and ribosome binding sites are very similar upstream of the hmtA and hmtB genes in M. thermoautotrophicum and upstream of the hmfA and hmfB genes in M. fervidus. HMt binding compacted linear pUC19 DNA molecules in vitro and therefore increased their electrophoretic mobilities through agarose gels. At protein/DNA mass ratios of < 0.2:1, HMt binding caused an increase in the overall negative superhelicity of relaxed, circular DNA molecules, but at HMt/DNA mass ratios of > 0.2:1, positive supercoils were introduced into these molecules. HMt and HMf are indistinguishable in terms of their abilities to compact and constrain DNA molecules in positive toroidal supercoils in vitro. Histone-related proteins with these properties are therefore not limited to reverse gyrase-containing hyperthermophilic species. SN - 0021-9193 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1459937/HMt_a_histone_related_protein_from_Methanobacterium_thermoautotrophicum_delta_H_ L2 - https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/jb.174.24.7890-7895.1992?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -