Efficacy and safety of factor VIII/von Willebrand's factor concentrate (Haemate-P) in preventing bleeding during surgery or invasive procedures in patients with von Willebrand disease.Haematologica. 2003 Nov; 88(11):1279-83.H
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrate Haemate-P as replacement therapy in patients with von Willebrand's disease (VWD) undergoing surgical or invasive procedures.
DESIGN AND METHODS
Between January 1996 and October 2002, 26 patients (12 males and 14 females, median age 41.5 years, range 9-80 years), followed at three Italian Hemophilia Centers (Trento, Verona and Parma), with VWD type 1 (19 cases) and VWD type 2B (7 cases), underwent 43 surgical or invasive procedures: major surgery (14 cases), minor surgery (11 cases), dental extractions (11 cases), invasive diagnostic procedures (7 cases). Replacement therapy with factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrate (Haemate-P) was administered in the surgical setting as perioperative prophylaxis against excessive bleeding.
The mean total dose (range) of Haemate-P used for major surgery was 284.1 IU VWF:RCo/kg (range 125.0-976.4), for minor surgery it was 120.8 IU VWF:RCo/kg (range 42.9-173.3), for dental extractions it was 38.4 IU VWF:RCo/kg (range 23.5-100.0) and for invasive procedures it was 87.3 VWF:RCo/kg (range 27.3-160.0). We recorded one bleeding episode 3 days after multiple dental extractions in a patient with severe periodontal disease; this bleeding was controlled with 2 further administrations of concentrate. We did not observe thrombotic episodes or other side effects following infusion of the concentrate.
INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS
In conclusion, Haemate-P was effective and safe in preventing excessive bleeding after major and minor surgery or invasive procedures in VWD patients.