[Congenital esophagobronchial fistula treated with thoracoscopic assisted surgery].Kyobu Geka. 2003 Nov; 56(12):1006-9.KG
A case of congenital esophagobronchial fistula in a 58-year-old woman was described. The patient had presented with repeated attacks of pulmonary infection from her childhood and had a history of recurrent cough after eating or drinking. Preoperative examinations including esophagogram by barium swallow revealed existence of a fistula between the upper thoracic esophagus and the right B3 bronchus. The fistula was recognized as type I of Braimbridge classification. Thoracoscopic assisted fistulectomy and diverticulectomy for esophagobronchial fistula with esophageal diverticulum were performed. The neck of the diverticulum and the fistula were divided with endo-stapling technique. Intraoperative esophagoscopy was found to be useful for the definite localization and complete excision of the fistula and the diverticulum and the avoidance of stenosis of the esophagus. Postoperative course was uneventful. It is to be considered that the present thoracoscopic assisted procedure with intraoperative esophagoscopy can be used as a standard operative procedure for esophagobronchial fistula with esophageal diverticulum.