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EEG alpha desynchronization in musicians and nonmusicians in response to changes in melody, tempo, and key in classical music.
Percept Mot Skills. 2003 Oct; 97(2):519-32.PM

Abstract

Two experiments were performed to examine musicians' and nonmusicians' electroencephalographic (EEG) responses to changes in major dimensions (tempo, melody, and key) of classical music. In Exp. 1, 12 nonmusicians' and 12 musicians' EEGs during melody and tempo changes in classical music showed more alpha desynchronization in the left hemisphere (F3) for changes in tempo than in the right. For melody, the nonmusicians were more right-sided (F4) than left in activation, and musicians showed no left-right differences. In Exp. 2, 18 musicians' and 18 nonmusicians' EEG after a key change in classical music showed that distant key changes elicited more right frontal (F4) alpha desynchronization than left. Musicians showed more reaction to key changes than nonmusicians and instructions to attend to key changes had no significant effect. Classical music, given its well-defined structure, offers a unique set of stimuli to study the brain. Results support the concept of hierarchical modularity in music processing that may be automatic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Allegheny College, Meadville, PA 16335, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14620240

Citation

Overman, Amy A., et al. "EEG Alpha Desynchronization in Musicians and Nonmusicians in Response to Changes in Melody, Tempo, and Key in Classical Music." Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 97, no. 2, 2003, pp. 519-32.
Overman AA, Hoge J, Dale JA, et al. EEG alpha desynchronization in musicians and nonmusicians in response to changes in melody, tempo, and key in classical music. Percept Mot Skills. 2003;97(2):519-32.
Overman, A. A., Hoge, J., Dale, J. A., Cross, J. D., & Chien, A. (2003). EEG alpha desynchronization in musicians and nonmusicians in response to changes in melody, tempo, and key in classical music. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 97(2), 519-32.
Overman AA, et al. EEG Alpha Desynchronization in Musicians and Nonmusicians in Response to Changes in Melody, Tempo, and Key in Classical Music. Percept Mot Skills. 2003;97(2):519-32. PubMed PMID: 14620240.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - EEG alpha desynchronization in musicians and nonmusicians in response to changes in melody, tempo, and key in classical music. AU - Overman,Amy A, AU - Hoge,Jessica, AU - Dale,J Alexander, AU - Cross,Jeffrey D, AU - Chien,Alec, PY - 2003/11/19/pubmed PY - 2004/3/3/medline PY - 2003/11/19/entrez SP - 519 EP - 32 JF - Perceptual and motor skills JO - Percept Mot Skills VL - 97 IS - 2 N2 - Two experiments were performed to examine musicians' and nonmusicians' electroencephalographic (EEG) responses to changes in major dimensions (tempo, melody, and key) of classical music. In Exp. 1, 12 nonmusicians' and 12 musicians' EEGs during melody and tempo changes in classical music showed more alpha desynchronization in the left hemisphere (F3) for changes in tempo than in the right. For melody, the nonmusicians were more right-sided (F4) than left in activation, and musicians showed no left-right differences. In Exp. 2, 18 musicians' and 18 nonmusicians' EEG after a key change in classical music showed that distant key changes elicited more right frontal (F4) alpha desynchronization than left. Musicians showed more reaction to key changes than nonmusicians and instructions to attend to key changes had no significant effect. Classical music, given its well-defined structure, offers a unique set of stimuli to study the brain. Results support the concept of hierarchical modularity in music processing that may be automatic. SN - 0031-5125 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14620240/EEG_alpha_desynchronization_in_musicians_and_nonmusicians_in_response_to_changes_in_melody_tempo_and_key_in_classical_music_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2466/pms.2003.97.2.519?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -