Nitric oxide synthase expressions in rat dorsal root ganglion after a hind limb tourniquet.Neuroreport. 2003 Dec 02; 14(17):2267-70.N
We investigated the mRNA levels of neuronal, inducible, endothelial nitric oxide synthases (nNOS, iNOS, eNOS) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in a rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) after tourniquet application to a hind limb to identify molecules that trigger secondary events after peripheral nerve injury. Significantly high nNOS, iNOS mRNA and protein levels were observed in the ipsilateral DRGs 4 h after tourniquet application but not in the contralateral or control DRGs. The levels of TNF-alpha, an inducer of iNOS, were significantly increased in the ipsilateral DRGs 1 h after tourniquet application. Large amounts of NO might result in damage to the host cells and induce apotosis to eliminate damaged cells during the early stage of nerve injury.