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Nutrient intake and food consumption among medical students in Greece assessed during a Clinical Nutrition course.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 2004; 55(1):17-26IJ

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine nutrient intake and food consumption patterns among medical students at the University of Crete, Greece. As part of the Clinical Nutrition course from 1989 to 2001, a total of 951 third-year medical students (500 male, 451 female) aged 22+/-2 years underwent dietary interview, during which individual 24-h dietary recalls were taken. The students also completed a questionnaire on smoking habits, and anthropometric measurements were performed. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to assess differences in nutrient and food group intake between lower and higher fat eaters. Analysis of covariance was used to study relationships between nutrient intakes and tobacco use, adjusting for gender, age, and body mass index. The mean daily energy intake was 2493 kcal (10437 kJ) for males and 1675 kcal (7012 kJ) for females. The contribution of total fat to energy intake was 40% in each gender. Lower fat eaters (</=34.3% of total energy) had higher intakes of fiber (P<0.01), vitamin C (P<0.01) and fruits (P<0.05), and a lower consumption of red meat (P<0.01) than students in the upper fat quartile (>/=46.0% of total energy). Smokers had higher intakes of energy (P<0.05) and saturated fatty acids (P<0.01), and lower intakes of fiber (P<0.001), folate (P<0.05) and vitamin C (P<0.001) than non-smokers/ex-smokers. Our results indicate a need for Greek medical students to improve their dietary and health habits. Dietary assessment could be used to enhance nutrition education in medical schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Division of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14630588

Citation

Mammas, Ioannis, et al. "Nutrient Intake and Food Consumption Among Medical Students in Greece Assessed During a Clinical Nutrition Course." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 1, 2004, pp. 17-26.
Mammas I, Bertsias G, Linardakis M, et al. Nutrient intake and food consumption among medical students in Greece assessed during a Clinical Nutrition course. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004;55(1):17-26.
Mammas, I., Bertsias, G., Linardakis, M., Moschandreas, J., & Kafatos, A. (2004). Nutrient intake and food consumption among medical students in Greece assessed during a Clinical Nutrition course. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 55(1), pp. 17-26.
Mammas I, et al. Nutrient Intake and Food Consumption Among Medical Students in Greece Assessed During a Clinical Nutrition Course. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004;55(1):17-26. PubMed PMID: 14630588.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intake and food consumption among medical students in Greece assessed during a Clinical Nutrition course. AU - Mammas,Ioannis, AU - Bertsias,George, AU - Linardakis,Manolis, AU - Moschandreas,Joanna, AU - Kafatos,Anthony, PY - 2003/11/25/pubmed PY - 2004/4/13/medline PY - 2003/11/25/entrez SP - 17 EP - 26 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 55 IS - 1 N2 - The objective of this study was to determine nutrient intake and food consumption patterns among medical students at the University of Crete, Greece. As part of the Clinical Nutrition course from 1989 to 2001, a total of 951 third-year medical students (500 male, 451 female) aged 22+/-2 years underwent dietary interview, during which individual 24-h dietary recalls were taken. The students also completed a questionnaire on smoking habits, and anthropometric measurements were performed. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to assess differences in nutrient and food group intake between lower and higher fat eaters. Analysis of covariance was used to study relationships between nutrient intakes and tobacco use, adjusting for gender, age, and body mass index. The mean daily energy intake was 2493 kcal (10437 kJ) for males and 1675 kcal (7012 kJ) for females. The contribution of total fat to energy intake was 40% in each gender. Lower fat eaters (</=34.3% of total energy) had higher intakes of fiber (P<0.01), vitamin C (P<0.01) and fruits (P<0.05), and a lower consumption of red meat (P<0.01) than students in the upper fat quartile (>/=46.0% of total energy). Smokers had higher intakes of energy (P<0.05) and saturated fatty acids (P<0.01), and lower intakes of fiber (P<0.001), folate (P<0.05) and vitamin C (P<0.001) than non-smokers/ex-smokers. Our results indicate a need for Greek medical students to improve their dietary and health habits. Dietary assessment could be used to enhance nutrition education in medical schools. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14630588/Nutrient_intake_and_food_consumption_among_medical_students_in_Greece_assessed_during_a_Clinical_Nutrition_course_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480310001642448 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -