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Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years.
Public Health Nutr. 2003 Dec; 6(8):815-20.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine associations between breakfast cereal consumption and the dietary habits, nutrient intakes and nutritional status of young people, considering both nutrient adequacy and safety issues (fortification).

METHODS

Using archived data from 1688 children in the (British) National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years, nutrient intakes and status were compared across thirds of breakfast cereal consumption (T1 to T3), adjusted for age and energy intake. Cereals provided on average 2%, 6% and 12% of energy in T1, T2 and T3, respectively, for boys; 1%, 4% and 10%, respectively, for girls.

RESULTS

Intakes of iron, B vitamins and vitamin D were around 20-60% higher in T3 compared with T1, with significant linear relationships observed for iron, thiamin, riboflavin and folate (T1<T2<T3). After excluding low energy reporters and the unwell, 14% of girls had iron intakes below the Lower Reference Nutrient Intake and this varied fivefold between T1 and T3 (27%, 12% and 5%; P=0.0001). High consumers of breakfast cereals (T3) had better folate, vitamin B12 and riboflavin status and lower total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. There was also an association with thiamin and vitamin B6 status in girls. However, iron status (haemoglobin, ferritin and transferrin saturation) was not significantly different between groups, possibly due to lower meat intakes in T3. Total iron intakes were within tolerable levels (maximum of 32 mg day(-1) in one girl taking supplements).

CONCLUSIONS

The nutritional benefits of breakfast cereals are demonstrated in status measurements as well as in nutrient intakes in this study. Concerns about excessive iron intakes from fortification appear unjustified.

Authors+Show Affiliations

SiG-Nurture Nutrition Consultancy, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 2TF, UK. sigridgibson@ntlworld.com

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14641953

Citation

Gibson, Sigrid. "Micronutrient Intakes, Micronutrient Status and Lipid Profiles Among Young People Consuming Different Amounts of Breakfast Cereals: Further Analysis of Data From the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 6, no. 8, 2003, pp. 815-20.
Gibson S. Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years. Public Health Nutr. 2003;6(8):815-20.
Gibson, S. (2003). Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years. Public Health Nutrition, 6(8), 815-20.
Gibson S. Micronutrient Intakes, Micronutrient Status and Lipid Profiles Among Young People Consuming Different Amounts of Breakfast Cereals: Further Analysis of Data From the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years. Public Health Nutr. 2003;6(8):815-20. PubMed PMID: 14641953.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Micronutrient intakes, micronutrient status and lipid profiles among young people consuming different amounts of breakfast cereals: further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years. A1 - Gibson,Sigrid, PY - 2003/12/4/pubmed PY - 2004/4/17/medline PY - 2003/12/4/entrez SP - 815 EP - 20 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 6 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between breakfast cereal consumption and the dietary habits, nutrient intakes and nutritional status of young people, considering both nutrient adequacy and safety issues (fortification). METHODS: Using archived data from 1688 children in the (British) National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4 to 18 years, nutrient intakes and status were compared across thirds of breakfast cereal consumption (T1 to T3), adjusted for age and energy intake. Cereals provided on average 2%, 6% and 12% of energy in T1, T2 and T3, respectively, for boys; 1%, 4% and 10%, respectively, for girls. RESULTS: Intakes of iron, B vitamins and vitamin D were around 20-60% higher in T3 compared with T1, with significant linear relationships observed for iron, thiamin, riboflavin and folate (T1<T2<T3). After excluding low energy reporters and the unwell, 14% of girls had iron intakes below the Lower Reference Nutrient Intake and this varied fivefold between T1 and T3 (27%, 12% and 5%; P=0.0001). High consumers of breakfast cereals (T3) had better folate, vitamin B12 and riboflavin status and lower total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. There was also an association with thiamin and vitamin B6 status in girls. However, iron status (haemoglobin, ferritin and transferrin saturation) was not significantly different between groups, possibly due to lower meat intakes in T3. Total iron intakes were within tolerable levels (maximum of 32 mg day(-1) in one girl taking supplements). CONCLUSIONS: The nutritional benefits of breakfast cereals are demonstrated in status measurements as well as in nutrient intakes in this study. Concerns about excessive iron intakes from fortification appear unjustified. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14641953/Micronutrient_intakes_micronutrient_status_and_lipid_profiles_among_young_people_consuming_different_amounts_of_breakfast_cereals:_further_analysis_of_data_from_the_National_Diet_and_Nutrition_Survey_of_Young_People_aged_4_to_18_years_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980003001095/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -