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A comparison of nutrient intake between infants and toddlers with and without cystic fibrosis.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2003 Dec; 103(12):1620-5.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the micronutrient and energy intake of infants and toddlers with cystic fibrosis (CF) to the intake of matched control children and dietary reference index (DRI) levels.

DESIGN

A two-group comparison study. Nutrient and energy intakes were measured via 3-day diet diaries. Anthropometric data were collected within 1 week of study enrollment.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

A clinical sample of 35 infants and toddlers with CF (mean=18.6, SD=8.1 months) matched to a community sample of 34 healthy controls.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Children with CF and controls were compared on anthropometric and nutrient data using independent sample t tests. Mean nutrient and energy intake for children in each group were compared with the age-appropriate DRI for targeted nutrients using percentages.

RESULTS

Children with CF and controls were similar on measures of growth (height, weight, or weight-for-height percentile). Four children with CF were at or below the 10th percentile for weight-for-height, compared with one control child. Children with CF and controls did not differ on average daily protein, calcium, zinc, and energy intake. Overall, children met or exceeded DRI levels for nutrient intakes. A notable exception was iron, for which mean intakes were lower for control children. Toddlers with CF consumed only 89% of the RDA per day for energy.

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS

Infants and toddlers with CF are likely obtaining adequate micronutrient intakes from food. Interventions to increase total energy intake in infants and toddlers with CF are needed. Dietitians may want to focus more on calorie intake and percent calories from fat than on micronutrient intake in their nutrition counseling in young children with CF.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medcial Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 45229-3039, USA. Scott.Powers@cchmc.orgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14647088

Citation

Powers, Scott W., and Susana R. Patton. "A Comparison of Nutrient Intake Between Infants and Toddlers With and Without Cystic Fibrosis." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 103, no. 12, 2003, pp. 1620-5.
Powers SW, Patton SR. A comparison of nutrient intake between infants and toddlers with and without cystic fibrosis. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103(12):1620-5.
Powers, S. W., & Patton, S. R. (2003). A comparison of nutrient intake between infants and toddlers with and without cystic fibrosis. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 103(12), 1620-5.
Powers SW, Patton SR. A Comparison of Nutrient Intake Between Infants and Toddlers With and Without Cystic Fibrosis. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103(12):1620-5. PubMed PMID: 14647088.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of nutrient intake between infants and toddlers with and without cystic fibrosis. AU - Powers,Scott W, AU - Patton,Susana R, PY - 2003/12/4/pubmed PY - 2004/1/21/medline PY - 2003/12/4/entrez SP - 1620 EP - 5 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 103 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the micronutrient and energy intake of infants and toddlers with cystic fibrosis (CF) to the intake of matched control children and dietary reference index (DRI) levels. DESIGN: A two-group comparison study. Nutrient and energy intakes were measured via 3-day diet diaries. Anthropometric data were collected within 1 week of study enrollment. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A clinical sample of 35 infants and toddlers with CF (mean=18.6, SD=8.1 months) matched to a community sample of 34 healthy controls. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Children with CF and controls were compared on anthropometric and nutrient data using independent sample t tests. Mean nutrient and energy intake for children in each group were compared with the age-appropriate DRI for targeted nutrients using percentages. RESULTS: Children with CF and controls were similar on measures of growth (height, weight, or weight-for-height percentile). Four children with CF were at or below the 10th percentile for weight-for-height, compared with one control child. Children with CF and controls did not differ on average daily protein, calcium, zinc, and energy intake. Overall, children met or exceeded DRI levels for nutrient intakes. A notable exception was iron, for which mean intakes were lower for control children. Toddlers with CF consumed only 89% of the RDA per day for energy. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Infants and toddlers with CF are likely obtaining adequate micronutrient intakes from food. Interventions to increase total energy intake in infants and toddlers with CF are needed. Dietitians may want to focus more on calorie intake and percent calories from fat than on micronutrient intake in their nutrition counseling in young children with CF. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14647088/A_comparison_of_nutrient_intake_between_infants_and_toddlers_with_and_without_cystic_fibrosis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822303013671 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -