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Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). A cluster analysis of food consumption.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Dec; 57(12):1514-21.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the food consumption patterns of Italian elderly subjects and the factors associated with different dietary habits.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Population-based study.

SUBJECTS

A total of 847 men and 1465 women aged 65 y or older, living in rural areas in the province of Pavia (Northern Italy) and near Cosenza (Southern Italy) in 1992-1993.

INTERVENTIONS

The dietary information was collected by means of a quantitative food-frequency questionnaire, with cluster analysis being used to segregate the subjects on the basis of similarities in their food consumption. A generalised logistic regression model including residence, age, living status, education, physical activity and degree of disability was fitted to assess the factors associated with different food consumption habits.

RESULTS

Six dietary clusters were selected for men and seven for women. The largest cluster for both genders was "small eaters" (46% of men and 51% of women); "big eaters", "light diet" and "alcohol" clusters were also identified for both genders. The men were also grouped into "balanced diet" and "cheese" clusters, and the women into "sweet", "greens" and "butter" clusters.

CONCLUSIONS

In addition to the influence of the area of residence--residents in Northern Italy consume greater amounts of animal fats, sugar and alcoholic beverages, and those living in Southern Italy have a greater intake of fruit, vegetables, fish and olive oil--all of the other studied variables predicted the probabilities of falling into a specific dietary cluster.

SPONSORSHIP

National Research Council (Italy)--Invecchiamento Project No. 95.01048. PF40.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Via Fratelli Cervi, 20090 Segrate, Milan, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14647215

Citation

Corrêa Leite, M L., et al. "Dietary and Nutritional Patterns in an Elderly Rural Population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). a Cluster Analysis of Food Consumption." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 12, 2003, pp. 1514-21.
Corrêa Leite ML, Nicolosi A, Cristina S, et al. Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). A cluster analysis of food consumption. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(12):1514-21.
Corrêa Leite, M. L., Nicolosi, A., Cristina, S., Hauser, W. A., Pugliese, P., & Nappi, G. (2003). Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). A cluster analysis of food consumption. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(12), 1514-21.
Corrêa Leite ML, et al. Dietary and Nutritional Patterns in an Elderly Rural Population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). a Cluster Analysis of Food Consumption. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(12):1514-21. PubMed PMID: 14647215.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). A cluster analysis of food consumption. AU - Corrêa Leite,M L, AU - Nicolosi,A, AU - Cristina,S, AU - Hauser,W A, AU - Pugliese,P, AU - Nappi,G, PY - 2003/12/4/pubmed PY - 2004/5/5/medline PY - 2003/12/4/entrez SP - 1514 EP - 21 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the food consumption patterns of Italian elderly subjects and the factors associated with different dietary habits. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Population-based study. SUBJECTS: A total of 847 men and 1465 women aged 65 y or older, living in rural areas in the province of Pavia (Northern Italy) and near Cosenza (Southern Italy) in 1992-1993. INTERVENTIONS: The dietary information was collected by means of a quantitative food-frequency questionnaire, with cluster analysis being used to segregate the subjects on the basis of similarities in their food consumption. A generalised logistic regression model including residence, age, living status, education, physical activity and degree of disability was fitted to assess the factors associated with different food consumption habits. RESULTS: Six dietary clusters were selected for men and seven for women. The largest cluster for both genders was "small eaters" (46% of men and 51% of women); "big eaters", "light diet" and "alcohol" clusters were also identified for both genders. The men were also grouped into "balanced diet" and "cheese" clusters, and the women into "sweet", "greens" and "butter" clusters. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to the influence of the area of residence--residents in Northern Italy consume greater amounts of animal fats, sugar and alcoholic beverages, and those living in Southern Italy have a greater intake of fruit, vegetables, fish and olive oil--all of the other studied variables predicted the probabilities of falling into a specific dietary cluster. SPONSORSHIP: National Research Council (Italy)--Invecchiamento Project No. 95.01048. PF40. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14647215/Dietary_and_nutritional_patterns_in_an_elderly_rural_population_in_Northern_and_Southern_Italy:__I___A_cluster_analysis_of_food_consumption_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601719 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -