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Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Dec; 57(12):1522-9.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the nutritional profiles of the food consumption patterns identified in an elderly Italian rural population.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

: Population-based study.

SUBJECTS

A total of 847 men and 1465 women aged 65 y or older, resident in rural areas in the province of Pavia (Northern Italy) and near Cosenza (Southern Italy) in 1992-1993.

INTERVENTIONS

A cluster analysis segregated the subjects into six groups for men and seven for women on the basis of similarities in their food intake (see companion paper). The mean daily energy, macronutrient, mineral and vitamin intakes were calculated for the sample as a whole and for each cluster, and then compared with the age- and gender-specific recommended daily allowances for the Italian population.

RESULTS

The largest cluster ("small eaters", which included about half of the population) had an insufficient intake of essential fatty acids, calcium, potassium, zinc (men), iron (women), thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, beta-carotene, and vitamins A, D and E. The most noticeable characteristics of some of the other clusters were a high intake of fats, a high proportion of total energy provided by sugars, a high intake of vitamin C, folic acid and beta-carotene, and a high alcohol consumption. Furthermore, sodium intake was too high in all of the clusters and vitamin D intake was generally inadequate.

CONCLUSIONS

The dietary habits of elderly Italians living in rural areas combine elements of the Mediterranean and "wealthy" diets.

SPONSORSHIP

National Research Council (Italy) - Invecchiamento Project no. 95.01048.PF40.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Via Fratelli Cervi, 20090 Segrate, Milan, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14647216

Citation

Corrêa Leite, M L., et al. "Dietary and Nutritional Patterns in an Elderly Rural Population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional Profiles Associated With Food Behaviours." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 12, 2003, pp. 1522-9.
Corrêa Leite ML, Nicolosi A, Cristina S, et al. Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(12):1522-9.
Corrêa Leite, M. L., Nicolosi, A., Cristina, S., Hauser, W. A., Pugliese, P., & Nappi, G. (2003). Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(12), 1522-9.
Corrêa Leite ML, et al. Dietary and Nutritional Patterns in an Elderly Rural Population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional Profiles Associated With Food Behaviours. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(12):1522-9. PubMed PMID: 14647216.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours. AU - Corrêa Leite,M L, AU - Nicolosi,A, AU - Cristina,S, AU - Hauser,W A, AU - Pugliese,P, AU - Nappi,G, PY - 2003/12/4/pubmed PY - 2004/5/5/medline PY - 2003/12/4/entrez SP - 1522 EP - 9 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional profiles of the food consumption patterns identified in an elderly Italian rural population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: : Population-based study. SUBJECTS: A total of 847 men and 1465 women aged 65 y or older, resident in rural areas in the province of Pavia (Northern Italy) and near Cosenza (Southern Italy) in 1992-1993. INTERVENTIONS: A cluster analysis segregated the subjects into six groups for men and seven for women on the basis of similarities in their food intake (see companion paper). The mean daily energy, macronutrient, mineral and vitamin intakes were calculated for the sample as a whole and for each cluster, and then compared with the age- and gender-specific recommended daily allowances for the Italian population. RESULTS: The largest cluster ("small eaters", which included about half of the population) had an insufficient intake of essential fatty acids, calcium, potassium, zinc (men), iron (women), thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, beta-carotene, and vitamins A, D and E. The most noticeable characteristics of some of the other clusters were a high intake of fats, a high proportion of total energy provided by sugars, a high intake of vitamin C, folic acid and beta-carotene, and a high alcohol consumption. Furthermore, sodium intake was too high in all of the clusters and vitamin D intake was generally inadequate. CONCLUSIONS: The dietary habits of elderly Italians living in rural areas combine elements of the Mediterranean and "wealthy" diets. SPONSORSHIP: National Research Council (Italy) - Invecchiamento Project no. 95.01048.PF40. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14647216/Dietary_and_nutritional_patterns_in_an_elderly_rural_population_in_Northern_and_Southern_Italy:__II___Nutritional_profiles_associated_with_food_behaviours_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601720 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -