The effect of propanil co-application on 2,4-D sorption by soil.J Environ Sci Health B. 2003 Nov; 38(6):713-21.JE
The herbicide 2,4-D is often applied as a tank mixture in combination with other herbicide products. However, current information on 2,4-D sorption by soil is largely based on batch-equilibrium experiments without considering the competition of other herbicides for sorption sites by soil. This study quantified the effect of the herbicide propanil on the sorption of 2,4-D in soil. Results indicated that propanil competed with 2,4-D for sorption sites, particularly in soils with an organic carbon content greater than 3.6%. The decrease in 2,4-D sorption by soil, as a result of propanil competition, was most notably for herbicide concentrations that are typical of recommended field rates. We conclude that herbicide co-applications on agricultural fields have the potential to increase the mobility of herbicides in soil.