[How to present in a unique fashion the oncologic and functional results after radical prostatectomy].Prog Urol. 2003 Sep; 13(4):624-8.PU
The results of radical prostatectomy (cancer control, continence and sexual potency) are currently presented separately, while the success of this surgery depends on a combination of good cancer control with maintenance of continence and erections. We propose a score to jointly evaluate and report cancer control and functional results.
The results of 205 radical prostatectomies were studied at one year. Cancer control was evaluated by PSA and continence and sexual potency were evaluated by a self-administered questionnaire. Each patient was attributed 0 or 4 points according to the presence or absence of biochemical progression (PSA > 0.2 ng/ml), 0 or 2 points according to the presence or absence of urinary incontinence (use of pads) and 0 or 1 point according to the presence or absence of impotence (no erections). The sum of these points provided a socre classifying the patient into 8 distinct categories, from 0 to 7, each corresponding to a specific status (from 0 (0 + 0 + 0): no cancer control-incontinence-impotence to 7 (4 + 2 + 1): cancer control-continence-sexual potency).
One year after the operation, 175 (85%) of patients had a PSA less than 0.2 ng/ml, 135 (65.8%) were continent and 64 (32.7%) reported erections. All patients with a score > or = 4 had good cancer control, wit no functional disorders for a score of 7 (4 + 2 + 1) (92%), no disorders of continence for a score of 6 (4 + 2 + 1) (31.5%), no disorders of erection for a score of 5 (4 + 0 + 1) (8.3%), or with incontinence and impotence for a score of 4 (4 + 0 + 0) (21.9%). All patients with a score < 4 had a PSA > 0.2 ng/ml, but with no functional disorders for a score for 3 (0 + 2 + 1) (2.4%), no incontinence for a score of 2 (0 + 2 + 0) (8.3%), and no impotence for a score of 1 (0 + 0 + 1) (1.9%). 1.9% of patients were incontinent, impotent and showed signs of biochemical progression (socre 0 = 0 + 0 + 0).
This score allows analysis of the global (cancer control and functional) results of radical prostatectomy and would facilitate comparisons between various surgical techniques (type of approach, nerve-sparing techniques) and various centres.