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Adolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2003; 10(Suppl 1):49-93HC

Abstract

During his years of study in Switzerland and Germany, Adolpho Lutz published his first articles on zoology, clinical practice, and therapeutics. In Limeira, São Paulo, he began studies on animal and human diseases caused by germs and parasites. In 1885-86, Lutz traveled to Hamburg to study the morphology of germs related to skin diseases, in conjunction with Paul Gerson Unna, one of Germany's foremost dermatologists. He proposed the inclusion of Hansen's and Koch's bacilli in a new genus. In 1889, Unna nominated his student as physician-in-chief of the Leper Settlement on Molokai Island, Hawaii. From then on, Lutz sustained the theory that the disease was transmitted by mosquitos. He conducted research to prove this theory when he was head of the Instituto Bacteriológico de São Paulo (1893-1908) and, later, after he moved to the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1908-1940). Although this research was not successful, on commissions and at congresses in which he participated until his death in October 1940, he still held to his conviction that leprosy was transmitted by mosquitoes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. jben@coc.fiocruz.brNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14650407

Citation

Benchimol, Jaime L., and Magali Romero Sa. "Adolpho Lutz and Controversies Over the Transmission of Leprosy By Mosquitoes." Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos, vol. 10, no. Suppl 1, 2003, pp. 49-93.
Benchimol JL, Romero Sa M. Adolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2003;10(Suppl 1):49-93.
Benchimol, J. L., & Romero Sa, M. (2003). Adolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes. Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos, 10(Suppl 1), pp. 49-93.
Benchimol JL, Romero Sa M. Adolpho Lutz and Controversies Over the Transmission of Leprosy By Mosquitoes. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2003;10(Suppl 1):49-93. PubMed PMID: 14650407.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes. AU - Benchimol,Jaime L, AU - Romero Sa,Magali, PY - 2003/12/3/pubmed PY - 2004/2/26/medline PY - 2003/12/3/entrez SP - 49 EP - 93 JF - Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos JO - Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos VL - 10 IS - Suppl 1 N2 - During his years of study in Switzerland and Germany, Adolpho Lutz published his first articles on zoology, clinical practice, and therapeutics. In Limeira, São Paulo, he began studies on animal and human diseases caused by germs and parasites. In 1885-86, Lutz traveled to Hamburg to study the morphology of germs related to skin diseases, in conjunction with Paul Gerson Unna, one of Germany's foremost dermatologists. He proposed the inclusion of Hansen's and Koch's bacilli in a new genus. In 1889, Unna nominated his student as physician-in-chief of the Leper Settlement on Molokai Island, Hawaii. From then on, Lutz sustained the theory that the disease was transmitted by mosquitos. He conducted research to prove this theory when he was head of the Instituto Bacteriológico de São Paulo (1893-1908) and, later, after he moved to the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1908-1940). Although this research was not successful, on commissions and at congresses in which he participated until his death in October 1940, he still held to his conviction that leprosy was transmitted by mosquitoes. SN - 0104-5970 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14650407/Adolpho_Lutz_and_controversies_over_the_transmission_of_leprosy_by_mosquitoes_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/mosquitobites.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -