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A monument to Lazarus: the leprosy hospital of Rio de Janeiro.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2003; 10(Suppl 1):143-60.HC

Abstract

Soon after the Portuguese made landfall in 1500, Europeans and, later, African slaves introduced leprosy, and Saint Lazarus, the patron saint of its victims, into Brazil. Social and political pressure mounted by the middle of the eighteenth century in the city of Rio de Janeiro to remove those unfortunates from the city's streets even before the move of Brazil's capital in 1763. Frei Antôniom the bishop of Rio, founded the venerable hospital that year in the neighborhood of São Cristóvão, He requested that the Irmandade do Santissimo Sacramento da Candelária provide oversight and administration. The brotherhood continues to honor its covenant of 239 years ago. The history of this hospital provides insight into the complex relationships that existed between the citizenry and church and state. Rio's leprosy hospital, now the Hospital Frei Antônio, had an important role in the evolution of the health care professions, progress in medical science, and the genesis of the hygienic movement in Brazil. This study also contributes to the history of a disease that persists in 2002 Brazil as a public health issue.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University College of Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. THS3rd@aol.com

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14650410

Citation

Smith, Thomas Hunter. "A Monument to Lazarus: the Leprosy Hospital of Rio De Janeiro." Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos, vol. 10, no. Suppl 1, 2003, pp. 143-60.
Smith TH. A monument to Lazarus: the leprosy hospital of Rio de Janeiro. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2003;10(Suppl 1):143-60.
Smith, T. H. (2003). A monument to Lazarus: the leprosy hospital of Rio de Janeiro. Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos, 10(Suppl 1), 143-60.
Smith TH. A Monument to Lazarus: the Leprosy Hospital of Rio De Janeiro. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2003;10(Suppl 1):143-60. PubMed PMID: 14650410.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A monument to Lazarus: the leprosy hospital of Rio de Janeiro. A1 - Smith,Thomas Hunter, PY - 2003/12/3/pubmed PY - 2004/2/26/medline PY - 2003/12/3/entrez SP - 143 EP - 60 JF - Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos JO - Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos VL - 10 IS - Suppl 1 N2 - Soon after the Portuguese made landfall in 1500, Europeans and, later, African slaves introduced leprosy, and Saint Lazarus, the patron saint of its victims, into Brazil. Social and political pressure mounted by the middle of the eighteenth century in the city of Rio de Janeiro to remove those unfortunates from the city's streets even before the move of Brazil's capital in 1763. Frei Antôniom the bishop of Rio, founded the venerable hospital that year in the neighborhood of São Cristóvão, He requested that the Irmandade do Santissimo Sacramento da Candelária provide oversight and administration. The brotherhood continues to honor its covenant of 239 years ago. The history of this hospital provides insight into the complex relationships that existed between the citizenry and church and state. Rio's leprosy hospital, now the Hospital Frei Antônio, had an important role in the evolution of the health care professions, progress in medical science, and the genesis of the hygienic movement in Brazil. This study also contributes to the history of a disease that persists in 2002 Brazil as a public health issue. SN - 0104-5970 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14650410/A_monument_to_Lazarus:_the_leprosy_hospital_of_Rio_de_Janeiro_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/mycobacterialinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -