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Age-specific prevalence and risk associations for impaired glucose tolerance in urban southern Indian population.
J Assoc Physicians India. 2003 Aug; 51:766-9.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

A national survey of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) conducted in 2000 AD in six major cities of India showed a high prevalence of diabetes (12.1%) and IGT (14%). Prevalence of IGT was higher than that of diabetes in subjects with less than 40 years when compared with older subjects. This analysis was done to look for differences in the risk factors associated with IGT in the younger and older subjects.

METHODS

Associations of body mass index (BMI), waist : hip ratio, physical activity, family history of diabetes and monthly income with IGT and with diabetes were tested in the age groups of < 40 and > or = 40 years separately. Multiple logistic regression analyses were done to test the associations.

RESULTS

Prevalence of IGT was higher than diabetes in the younger group (13.1% Vs 5%, P < 0.001). Prevalence of obesity was higher in the older IGT subjects (38% Vs 30.5%, p < 0.003). Presence of positive family history of diabetes was similar in both the groups. In the > or = 40 year group age, BMI and family history of diabetes were common risk factors for diabetes and IGT. In the younger group, only BMI showed an association with IGT. The association of family history of diabetes with IGT was weaker than for diabetes even in the older subjects (Odds Ratio (OR) = 3.5 for diabetes, 1.33 for IGT).

CONCLUSIONS

Prevalence of IGT was higher than diabetes in the age group < 40 years. Only BMI showed an association with IGT in them while the risk associations were similar to diabetes in the older group. Prospective studies will throw more light on the implications of these findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Diabetes Research Centre, 5, Main Road, Royapuram, Chennai 600 013, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14651135

Citation

Snehalatha, C, et al. "Age-specific Prevalence and Risk Associations for Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Urban Southern Indian Population." The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, vol. 51, 2003, pp. 766-9.
Snehalatha C, Ramchandran A, Kapur A, et al. Age-specific prevalence and risk associations for impaired glucose tolerance in urban southern Indian population. J Assoc Physicians India. 2003;51:766-9.
Snehalatha, C., Ramchandran, A., Kapur, A., & Vijay, V. (2003). Age-specific prevalence and risk associations for impaired glucose tolerance in urban southern Indian population. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 51, 766-9.
Snehalatha C, et al. Age-specific Prevalence and Risk Associations for Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Urban Southern Indian Population. J Assoc Physicians India. 2003;51:766-9. PubMed PMID: 14651135.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Age-specific prevalence and risk associations for impaired glucose tolerance in urban southern Indian population. AU - Snehalatha,C, AU - Ramchandran,A, AU - Kapur,A, AU - Vijay,V, PY - 2003/12/4/pubmed PY - 2004/3/10/medline PY - 2003/12/4/entrez SP - 766 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India JO - J Assoc Physicians India VL - 51 N2 - OBJECTIVES: A national survey of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) conducted in 2000 AD in six major cities of India showed a high prevalence of diabetes (12.1%) and IGT (14%). Prevalence of IGT was higher than that of diabetes in subjects with less than 40 years when compared with older subjects. This analysis was done to look for differences in the risk factors associated with IGT in the younger and older subjects. METHODS: Associations of body mass index (BMI), waist : hip ratio, physical activity, family history of diabetes and monthly income with IGT and with diabetes were tested in the age groups of < 40 and > or = 40 years separately. Multiple logistic regression analyses were done to test the associations. RESULTS: Prevalence of IGT was higher than diabetes in the younger group (13.1% Vs 5%, P < 0.001). Prevalence of obesity was higher in the older IGT subjects (38% Vs 30.5%, p < 0.003). Presence of positive family history of diabetes was similar in both the groups. In the > or = 40 year group age, BMI and family history of diabetes were common risk factors for diabetes and IGT. In the younger group, only BMI showed an association with IGT. The association of family history of diabetes with IGT was weaker than for diabetes even in the older subjects (Odds Ratio (OR) = 3.5 for diabetes, 1.33 for IGT). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of IGT was higher than diabetes in the age group < 40 years. Only BMI showed an association with IGT in them while the risk associations were similar to diabetes in the older group. Prospective studies will throw more light on the implications of these findings. SN - 0004-5772 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14651135/Age_specific_prevalence_and_risk_associations_for_impaired_glucose_tolerance_in_urban_southern_Indian_population_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/obesity.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -