Analysis of ochratoxin a in coffee by solid-phase cleanup and narrow-bore liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector-mass spectrometry.J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Dec 17; 51(26):7564-7.JA
A method for the analysis of ochratoxin A (OTA) in green and roasted coffee has been developed. OTA was extracted from coffee with 1% NaHCO(3), and the extract was filtered and purified by solid-phase cleanup using a polymeric column that exhibits reversed-phase and anion-exchange functionalities. OTA was analyzed on a narrow-bore reversed-phase C(18) HPLC column with acetonitrile/water (0.1% formic acid) (40:60) as mobile phase and quantified with a fluorescence detector. The presence of OTA in coffee was confirmed by single-quadruple mass spectrometry using an electrospray ionization source. The method has been validated, obtaining a recovery of 82.5% and a detection limit of 0.1 ng/g. It has been applied to 20 coffee samples from various countries and different manufacturers with no detection of OTA.