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Obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in South Korea.

Abstract

The aim of this study was first, to investigate the prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors, and secondly, to identify the BMI or waist circumference (WC) level at which clustering increases in South Koreans. A population-based, cross-sectional National Health Examination Survey was carried out in 1998. A total of 8,816 subjects (4,029 men and 4,787 women) aged 15-79 y were selected by stratified multistage probability sampling design. The measurements taken of the subjects included: height, weight, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and lipids. The prevalence of BMI > or = 25 kg/m2 was 25.3% for men and 28.3% for women. The prevalence of WC >90 cm in men, and >80 cm in women was 18.5%, and 38.5%, respectively. Clustering of 3 or more CVD risk factors was 22.7% in men ad 21.7% in women. Using <21 kg/m2; as a referent, subjects with BMI of 23 kg/m2; and 27 kg/m2; had an odds ratio of 3.5 and 10.2 in men, and 3.1 and 6.7 in women, respectively for clustering of CVD risk factors. Using <65 cm as a referent, subjects with a WC of > or = 90 cm in men and > or = 85 cm in women had an odds ratio of 13.4, and 13.6, respectively for clustering of CVD risk factors. Considering the significant associations between clustering of CVD risk factors and BMI or WC, the present study suggests that high prevalence of overweight may have important implications for the health care system, even at a lower level of BMI or WC.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Deptartment of Family Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea. hyesoon@amc.seoul.kr

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Abdomen
    Adolescent
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Aged
    Biomarkers
    Blood Glucose
    Blood Pressure
    Body Mass Index
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Cholesterol, HDL
    Cholesterol, LDL
    Cluster Analysis
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Dyslipidemias
    Fasting
    Female
    Humans
    Korea
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Sex Factors
    Triglycerides
    Waist-Hip Ratio

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    14672864

    Citation

    Park, Hye Soon, et al. "Obesity, Abdominal Obesity, and Clustering of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in South Korea." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 4, 2003, pp. 411-8.
    Park HS, Yun YS, Park JY, et al. Obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in South Korea. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003;12(4):411-8.
    Park, H. S., Yun, Y. S., Park, J. Y., Kim, Y. S., & Choi, J. M. (2003). Obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in South Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12(4), pp. 411-8.
    Park HS, et al. Obesity, Abdominal Obesity, and Clustering of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in South Korea. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003;12(4):411-8. PubMed PMID: 14672864.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in South Korea. AU - Park,Hye Soon, AU - Yun,Yeong Sook, AU - Park,Jung Yul, AU - Kim,Young Seol, AU - Choi,Joong Myung, PY - 2003/12/16/pubmed PY - 2006/4/20/medline PY - 2003/12/16/entrez SP - 411 EP - 8 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - The aim of this study was first, to investigate the prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity, and clustering of cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors, and secondly, to identify the BMI or waist circumference (WC) level at which clustering increases in South Koreans. A population-based, cross-sectional National Health Examination Survey was carried out in 1998. A total of 8,816 subjects (4,029 men and 4,787 women) aged 15-79 y were selected by stratified multistage probability sampling design. The measurements taken of the subjects included: height, weight, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and lipids. The prevalence of BMI > or = 25 kg/m2 was 25.3% for men and 28.3% for women. The prevalence of WC >90 cm in men, and >80 cm in women was 18.5%, and 38.5%, respectively. Clustering of 3 or more CVD risk factors was 22.7% in men ad 21.7% in women. Using <21 kg/m2; as a referent, subjects with BMI of 23 kg/m2; and 27 kg/m2; had an odds ratio of 3.5 and 10.2 in men, and 3.1 and 6.7 in women, respectively for clustering of CVD risk factors. Using <65 cm as a referent, subjects with a WC of > or = 90 cm in men and > or = 85 cm in women had an odds ratio of 13.4, and 13.6, respectively for clustering of CVD risk factors. Considering the significant associations between clustering of CVD risk factors and BMI or WC, the present study suggests that high prevalence of overweight may have important implications for the health care system, even at a lower level of BMI or WC. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14672864/Obesity_abdominal_obesity_and_clustering_of_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_South_Korea_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/12/4/411.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -