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Coping strategies of people with kidney transplants.
J Adv Nurs. 2004 Jan; 45(1):47-52.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

There has been little research into coping process following renal transplantation, but it has been shown that health-related stress is not eliminated and that fear of rejection and economic factors are the most stressful issues. Coping strategies used have included prayer, looking at problems objectively, and trying to main control over the situation.

AIM

The study was concerned with kidney transplant patients and their efforts to cope with problems posed by the transplantation and treatment. The aim was to describe and compare the use and perceived effectiveness of different coping strategies in people after kidney transplant with an age, gender and civil status-matched sample of the general Swedish population.

METHODS

Coping was assessed by the Jalowiec Coping Scale and self-rated efficiency with visual analogue scales. From a total of 73 post-transplant patients, a consecutive series of 30 was compared with an age, gender and civil status-individually matched sample of the general Swedish population (n = 30). Data were collected from 1994 to 1997.

RESULTS

The patient sample used significantly more optimistic, self-reliant, supportive and emotive coping than the general population sample. Evasive, emotive, and fatalistic coping were associated with low perceived efficiency in handling various aspects of the condition.

STUDY LIMITATIONS

The study design does not permit causal conclusions and the patient sample was relatively small and non-randomly chosen, which could affect its external validity.

CONCLUSIONS

The results suggest that assessment of coping strategies should be explored in clinical nursing practice so that nurses can encourage the use of those likely to be more useful, and discourage those with possible negative effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Caring Science, University of Gavle, Gavle, Sweden. rlt@hig.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14675300

Citation

Lindqvist, Ragny, et al. "Coping Strategies of People With Kidney Transplants." Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 45, no. 1, 2004, pp. 47-52.
Lindqvist R, Carlsson M, Sjödén PO. Coping strategies of people with kidney transplants. J Adv Nurs. 2004;45(1):47-52.
Lindqvist, R., Carlsson, M., & Sjödén, P. O. (2004). Coping strategies of people with kidney transplants. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 45(1), 47-52.
Lindqvist R, Carlsson M, Sjödén PO. Coping Strategies of People With Kidney Transplants. J Adv Nurs. 2004;45(1):47-52. PubMed PMID: 14675300.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coping strategies of people with kidney transplants. AU - Lindqvist,Ragny, AU - Carlsson,Marianne, AU - Sjödén,Per-Olow, PY - 2003/12/17/pubmed PY - 2004/4/2/medline PY - 2003/12/17/entrez SP - 47 EP - 52 JF - Journal of advanced nursing JO - J Adv Nurs VL - 45 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: There has been little research into coping process following renal transplantation, but it has been shown that health-related stress is not eliminated and that fear of rejection and economic factors are the most stressful issues. Coping strategies used have included prayer, looking at problems objectively, and trying to main control over the situation. AIM: The study was concerned with kidney transplant patients and their efforts to cope with problems posed by the transplantation and treatment. The aim was to describe and compare the use and perceived effectiveness of different coping strategies in people after kidney transplant with an age, gender and civil status-matched sample of the general Swedish population. METHODS: Coping was assessed by the Jalowiec Coping Scale and self-rated efficiency with visual analogue scales. From a total of 73 post-transplant patients, a consecutive series of 30 was compared with an age, gender and civil status-individually matched sample of the general Swedish population (n = 30). Data were collected from 1994 to 1997. RESULTS: The patient sample used significantly more optimistic, self-reliant, supportive and emotive coping than the general population sample. Evasive, emotive, and fatalistic coping were associated with low perceived efficiency in handling various aspects of the condition. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The study design does not permit causal conclusions and the patient sample was relatively small and non-randomly chosen, which could affect its external validity. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that assessment of coping strategies should be explored in clinical nursing practice so that nurses can encourage the use of those likely to be more useful, and discourage those with possible negative effects. SN - 0309-2402 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14675300/Coping_strategies_of_people_with_kidney_transplants_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0309-2402&date=2004&volume=45&issue=1&spage=47 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -