A transversely isotropic hyperelastic constitutive model of the PDL. Analytical and computational aspects.Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2003 Oct-Dec; 6(5-6):337-45.CM
This study describes the development of a constitutive law for the modelling of the periodontal ligament (PDL) and its practical implementation into a commercial finite element code. The constitutive equations encompass the essential mechanical features of this biological soft tissue: non-linear behaviour, large deformations, anisotropy, distinct behaviour in tension and compression and the fibrous characteristics. The approach is based on the theory of continuum fibre-reinforced composites at finite strain where a compressible transversely isotropic hyperelastic strain energy function is defined. This strain energy density function is further split into volumetric and deviatoric contributions separating the bulk and shear responses of the material. Explicit expressions of the stress tensors in the material and spatial configurations are first established followed by original expressions of the elasticity tensors in the material and spatial configurations. As a simple application of the constitutive model, two finite element analyses simulating the mechanical behaviour of the PDL are performed. The results highlight the significance of integrating the fibrous architecture of the PDL as this feature is shown to be responsible for the complex strain distribution observed.