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Dietary intake of n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish: relationship with hostility in young adults--the CARDIA study.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jan; 58(1):24-31.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Hostility has been shown to predict both the development and manifestation of coronary disease. Examining the inter-relation of dietary intake of fish and of polyunsaturated (n-3 and n-6) essential fatty acids with hostility may provide additional insights into the cardioprotective effect of dietary fish and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association of dietary n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish with level of hostility in a sample of 3581 urban white and black young adults.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional observational study as part of an ongoing cohort study. A dietary assessment in 1992-1993 and measurement of hostility and other covariates in 1990-1991 were used in the analysis.

RESULTS

The multivariate odds ratios of scoring in the upper quartile of hostility (adjusting for age, sex, race, field center, educational attainment, marital status, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity) associated with one standard deviation increase in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) intake was 0.90 (95% CI=0.82-0.98; P=0.02). Consumption of any fish rich in n-3 fatty acids, compared to no consumption, was also independently associated with lower odds of high hostility (OR=0.82; 95% CI=0.69-0.97; P=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that high dietary intake of DHA and consumption of fish rich in n-3 fatty acids may be related to lower likelihood of high hostility in young adulthood. The association between dietary n-3 fatty acids and hostile personality merits further research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, USA. cgi@dor.kaiser.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14679363

Citation

Iribarren, C, et al. "Dietary Intake of N-3, N-6 Fatty Acids and Fish: Relationship With Hostility in Young Adults--the CARDIA Study." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 1, 2004, pp. 24-31.
Iribarren C, Markovitz JH, Jacobs DR, et al. Dietary intake of n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish: relationship with hostility in young adults--the CARDIA study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(1):24-31.
Iribarren, C., Markovitz, J. H., Jacobs, D. R., Schreiner, P. J., Daviglus, M., & Hibbeln, J. R. (2004). Dietary intake of n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish: relationship with hostility in young adults--the CARDIA study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(1), 24-31.
Iribarren C, et al. Dietary Intake of N-3, N-6 Fatty Acids and Fish: Relationship With Hostility in Young Adults--the CARDIA Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(1):24-31. PubMed PMID: 14679363.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake of n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish: relationship with hostility in young adults--the CARDIA study. AU - Iribarren,C, AU - Markovitz,J H, AU - Jacobs,D R,Jr AU - Schreiner,P J, AU - Daviglus,M, AU - Hibbeln,J R, PY - 2003/12/18/pubmed PY - 2004/6/4/medline PY - 2003/12/18/entrez SP - 24 EP - 31 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 58 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Hostility has been shown to predict both the development and manifestation of coronary disease. Examining the inter-relation of dietary intake of fish and of polyunsaturated (n-3 and n-6) essential fatty acids with hostility may provide additional insights into the cardioprotective effect of dietary fish and polyunsaturated fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of dietary n-3, n-6 fatty acids and fish with level of hostility in a sample of 3581 urban white and black young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study as part of an ongoing cohort study. A dietary assessment in 1992-1993 and measurement of hostility and other covariates in 1990-1991 were used in the analysis. RESULTS: The multivariate odds ratios of scoring in the upper quartile of hostility (adjusting for age, sex, race, field center, educational attainment, marital status, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity) associated with one standard deviation increase in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) intake was 0.90 (95% CI=0.82-0.98; P=0.02). Consumption of any fish rich in n-3 fatty acids, compared to no consumption, was also independently associated with lower odds of high hostility (OR=0.82; 95% CI=0.69-0.97; P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that high dietary intake of DHA and consumption of fish rich in n-3 fatty acids may be related to lower likelihood of high hostility in young adulthood. The association between dietary n-3 fatty acids and hostile personality merits further research. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14679363/Dietary_intake_of_n_3_n_6_fatty_acids_and_fish:_relationship_with_hostility_in_young_adults__the_CARDIA_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601739 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -