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Fluid intake and epidemiology of urolithiasis.

Abstract

A low urine volume is an important risk factor in urinary stone formation. The present article summarizes available data from epidemiological and clinical studies to elucidate the impact of fluid intake and urine volume on the risk of urinary stone formation and the prevention of stone recurrence. A review of the literature shows that an increased urine volume achieved by a high fluid intake exerts an efficacious preventive effect on the onset and recurrence of urinary stones. A high water intake and urine dilution results in a marked reduction in saturation of lithogenous salts. The type of fluids should be carefully selected to achieve the appropriate change of urine composition depending on stone composition. A sufficient intake of fluid is one of the most important preventive measures for stone recurrence.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Experimental Urology, Department of Urology, University of Bonn, Germany. Roswitha.Siener@ukb.uni-bonn.de

    Source

    European journal of clinical nutrition 57 Suppl 2: 2003 Dec pg S47-51

    MeSH

    Diuresis
    Drinking
    Fluid Therapy
    Humans
    Risk Factors
    Secondary Prevention
    Urinary Calculi

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    14681713

    Citation

    Siener, R, and A Hesse. "Fluid Intake and Epidemiology of Urolithiasis." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57 Suppl 2, 2003, pp. S47-51.
    Siener R, Hesse A. Fluid intake and epidemiology of urolithiasis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57 Suppl 2:S47-51.
    Siener, R., & Hesse, A. (2003). Fluid intake and epidemiology of urolithiasis. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57 Suppl 2, pp. S47-51.
    Siener R, Hesse A. Fluid Intake and Epidemiology of Urolithiasis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57 Suppl 2:S47-51. PubMed PMID: 14681713.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fluid intake and epidemiology of urolithiasis. AU - Siener,R, AU - Hesse,A, PY - 2003/12/19/pubmed PY - 2005/3/4/medline PY - 2003/12/19/entrez SP - S47 EP - 51 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 Suppl 2 N2 - A low urine volume is an important risk factor in urinary stone formation. The present article summarizes available data from epidemiological and clinical studies to elucidate the impact of fluid intake and urine volume on the risk of urinary stone formation and the prevention of stone recurrence. A review of the literature shows that an increased urine volume achieved by a high fluid intake exerts an efficacious preventive effect on the onset and recurrence of urinary stones. A high water intake and urine dilution results in a marked reduction in saturation of lithogenous salts. The type of fluids should be carefully selected to achieve the appropriate change of urine composition depending on stone composition. A sufficient intake of fluid is one of the most important preventive measures for stone recurrence. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14681713/Fluid_intake_and_epidemiology_of_urolithiasis_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601901 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -