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Mild dehydration: a risk factor of constipation?
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Dec; 57 Suppl 2:S88-95.EJ

Abstract

Constipation defined as changes in the frequency, volume, weight, consistency and ease of passage of the stool occurs in any age group. The most important factors known to promote constipation are reduced physical activity and inadequate dietary intake of fibres, carbohydrates and fluids. Fluid losses induced by diarrhoea and febrile illness alter water balance and promote constipation. When children increase their water consumption above their usual intake, no change in stool frequency and consistency was observed. The improvement of constipation by increasing water intake, therefore, may be effective in children only when voluntary fluid consumption is lower-than-normal for the child's age and activity level. In the elderly, low fluid intake, which may be indicative of hypohydration, was a cause of constipation and a significant relationship between liquid deprivation from 2500 to 500 ml per day and constipation was reported. Dehydration is also observed when saline laxatives are used for the treatment of constipation if fluid replacement is not maintained and may affect the efficacy of the treatment. While sulphate in drinking water does not appear to have a significant laxative effect, fluid intake and magnesium sulphate-rich mineral waters were shown to improve constipation in healthy infants. In conclusion, fluid loss and fluid restriction and thus de-or hypohydration increase constipation. It is thus important to maintain euhydration as a prevention of constipation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nestlé Water Institute, Vittel, France. Maurice.Arnaud@nestle.com

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14681719

Citation

Arnaud, M J.. "Mild Dehydration: a Risk Factor of Constipation?" European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57 Suppl 2, 2003, pp. S88-95.
Arnaud MJ. Mild dehydration: a risk factor of constipation? Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57 Suppl 2:S88-95.
Arnaud, M. J. (2003). Mild dehydration: a risk factor of constipation? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57 Suppl 2, S88-95.
Arnaud MJ. Mild Dehydration: a Risk Factor of Constipation. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57 Suppl 2:S88-95. PubMed PMID: 14681719.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mild dehydration: a risk factor of constipation? A1 - Arnaud,M J, PY - 2003/12/19/pubmed PY - 2005/3/4/medline PY - 2003/12/19/entrez SP - S88 EP - 95 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 Suppl 2 N2 - Constipation defined as changes in the frequency, volume, weight, consistency and ease of passage of the stool occurs in any age group. The most important factors known to promote constipation are reduced physical activity and inadequate dietary intake of fibres, carbohydrates and fluids. Fluid losses induced by diarrhoea and febrile illness alter water balance and promote constipation. When children increase their water consumption above their usual intake, no change in stool frequency and consistency was observed. The improvement of constipation by increasing water intake, therefore, may be effective in children only when voluntary fluid consumption is lower-than-normal for the child's age and activity level. In the elderly, low fluid intake, which may be indicative of hypohydration, was a cause of constipation and a significant relationship between liquid deprivation from 2500 to 500 ml per day and constipation was reported. Dehydration is also observed when saline laxatives are used for the treatment of constipation if fluid replacement is not maintained and may affect the efficacy of the treatment. While sulphate in drinking water does not appear to have a significant laxative effect, fluid intake and magnesium sulphate-rich mineral waters were shown to improve constipation in healthy infants. In conclusion, fluid loss and fluid restriction and thus de-or hypohydration increase constipation. It is thus important to maintain euhydration as a prevention of constipation. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14681719/Mild_dehydration:_a_risk_factor_of_constipation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601907 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -