Evidence-based dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
We review the scientific evidence behind current dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes and examine the effects of various dietary interventions on glycemic control, serum lipids, and inflammation in individuals with diabetes. Attention is focused on dietary fiber, glycemic index, dietary protein, omega-3 fatty acids, chromium, magnesium, and vitamin E. Practical dietary recommendations for patients with type 2 diabetes are highlighted.
USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Fatty Acids, Omega-3
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Pub Type(s)Journal Article