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Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate mean concentrations of total arsenic in chicken liver tissue and then estimate total and inorganic arsenic ingested by humans through chicken consumption. We used national monitoring data from the Food Safety and Inspection Service National Residue Program to estimate mean arsenic concentrations for 1994-2000. Incorporating assumptions about the concentrations of arsenic in liver and muscle tissues as well as the proportions of inorganic and organic arsenic, we then applied the estimates to national chicken consumption data to calculate inorganic, organic, and total arsenic ingested by eating chicken. The mean concentration of total arsenic in young chickens was 0.39 ppm, 3- to 4-fold higher than in other poultry and meat. At mean levels of chicken consumption (60 g/person/day), people may ingest 1.38-5.24 microg/day of inorganic arsenic from chicken alone. At the 99th percentile of chicken consumption (350 g chicken/day), people may ingest 21.13-30.59 microg inorganic arsenic/day and 32.50-47.07 microg total arsenic/day from chicken. These concentrations are higher than previously recognized in chicken, which may necessitate adjustments to estimates of arsenic ingested through diet and may need to be considered when estimating overall exposure to arsenic.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Office of Public Health and Science, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA. TL177G@nih.gov

    , ,

    Source

    Environmental health perspectives 112:1 2004 Jan pg 18-21

    MeSH

    Age Factors
    Animals
    Arsenic
    Chickens
    Diet
    Food Contamination
    Humans
    Liver
    Public Health
    Retrospective Studies
    Risk Assessment

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    14698925

    Citation

    Lasky, Tamar, et al. "Mean Total Arsenic Concentrations in Chicken 1989-2000 and Estimated Exposures for Consumers of Chicken." Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 112, no. 1, 2004, pp. 18-21.
    Lasky T, Sun W, Kadry A, et al. Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken. Environ Health Perspect. 2004;112(1):18-21.
    Lasky, T., Sun, W., Kadry, A., & Hoffman, M. K. (2004). Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(1), pp. 18-21.
    Lasky T, et al. Mean Total Arsenic Concentrations in Chicken 1989-2000 and Estimated Exposures for Consumers of Chicken. Environ Health Perspect. 2004;112(1):18-21. PubMed PMID: 14698925.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Mean total arsenic concentrations in chicken 1989-2000 and estimated exposures for consumers of chicken. AU - Lasky,Tamar, AU - Sun,Wenyu, AU - Kadry,Abdel, AU - Hoffman,Michael K, PY - 2003/12/31/pubmed PY - 2004/4/23/medline PY - 2003/12/31/entrez SP - 18 EP - 21 JF - Environmental health perspectives JO - Environ. Health Perspect. VL - 112 IS - 1 N2 - The purpose of this study was to estimate mean concentrations of total arsenic in chicken liver tissue and then estimate total and inorganic arsenic ingested by humans through chicken consumption. We used national monitoring data from the Food Safety and Inspection Service National Residue Program to estimate mean arsenic concentrations for 1994-2000. Incorporating assumptions about the concentrations of arsenic in liver and muscle tissues as well as the proportions of inorganic and organic arsenic, we then applied the estimates to national chicken consumption data to calculate inorganic, organic, and total arsenic ingested by eating chicken. The mean concentration of total arsenic in young chickens was 0.39 ppm, 3- to 4-fold higher than in other poultry and meat. At mean levels of chicken consumption (60 g/person/day), people may ingest 1.38-5.24 microg/day of inorganic arsenic from chicken alone. At the 99th percentile of chicken consumption (350 g chicken/day), people may ingest 21.13-30.59 microg inorganic arsenic/day and 32.50-47.07 microg total arsenic/day from chicken. These concentrations are higher than previously recognized in chicken, which may necessitate adjustments to estimates of arsenic ingested through diet and may need to be considered when estimating overall exposure to arsenic. SN - 0091-6765 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14698925/full_citation L2 - https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/ehp.6407?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -