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Feeding infants and toddlers study: What foods are infants and toddlers eating?
J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Jan; 104(1 Suppl 1):s22-30.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the food consumption patterns of US infants and toddlers, 4 to 24 months of age.

DESIGN

Descriptive analysis of data collected in the 2002 Feeding Infants and Toddlers study based on telephone interviews and 24-hour dietary recalls.

SUBJECTS

A national random sample of 3,022 infants and toddlers age 4 to 24 months.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

The percentage of infants and toddlers consuming foods from specific food groups was estimated for six age groups, using a single 24-hour recall.

RESULTS

Infants as young as 7 months of age showed food patterns that have been observed in older children and adults. From 18% to 33% of infants and toddlers between ages 7 and 24 months consumed no discrete servings of vegetables, and 23% to 33% consumed no fruits. French fries were one of the three most common vegetables consumed by infants 9 to 11 months of age. By 15 to 18 months, french fries were the most common vegetable. Almost half (46%) of 7- to 8-month-olds consumed some type of dessert, sweet, or sweetened beverage, and this percentage increased as age increased. By 19 to 24 months, 62% of toddlers consumed a baked dessert, 20% consumed candy, and 44% consumed a sweetened beverage.

APPLICATIONS

Parents and caregivers should be encouraged to offer a wide variety of vegetables and fruits daily, with emphasis on dark green, leafy, and deep yellow vegetables and colorful fruits. They should offer desserts, sweets, sweetened beverages, and salty snacks only occasionally, offering nutrient-dense, age-appropriate foods as alternatives (eg, fruit, cheese, yogurt, and cereals). Water, milk, and 100% fruit juices should be offered as alternative beverages. Because family food choices influence what foods are offered to children, family-based approaches to developing healthy eating habits may be helpful.

Authors+Show Affiliations

marykayfox@comcast.netNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14702014

Citation

Fox, Mary Kay, et al. "Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study: what Foods Are Infants and Toddlers Eating?" Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 104, no. 1 Suppl 1, 2004, pp. s22-30.
Fox MK, Pac S, Devaney B, et al. Feeding infants and toddlers study: What foods are infants and toddlers eating? J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(1 Suppl 1):s22-30.
Fox, M. K., Pac, S., Devaney, B., & Jankowski, L. (2004). Feeding infants and toddlers study: What foods are infants and toddlers eating? Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(1 Suppl 1), s22-30.
Fox MK, et al. Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study: what Foods Are Infants and Toddlers Eating. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(1 Suppl 1):s22-30. PubMed PMID: 14702014.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Feeding infants and toddlers study: What foods are infants and toddlers eating? AU - Fox,Mary Kay, AU - Pac,Susan, AU - Devaney,Barbara, AU - Jankowski,Linda, PY - 2004/1/1/pubmed PY - 2004/1/30/medline PY - 2004/1/1/entrez SP - s22 EP - 30 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 104 IS - 1 Suppl 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the food consumption patterns of US infants and toddlers, 4 to 24 months of age. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of data collected in the 2002 Feeding Infants and Toddlers study based on telephone interviews and 24-hour dietary recalls. SUBJECTS: A national random sample of 3,022 infants and toddlers age 4 to 24 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: The percentage of infants and toddlers consuming foods from specific food groups was estimated for six age groups, using a single 24-hour recall. RESULTS: Infants as young as 7 months of age showed food patterns that have been observed in older children and adults. From 18% to 33% of infants and toddlers between ages 7 and 24 months consumed no discrete servings of vegetables, and 23% to 33% consumed no fruits. French fries were one of the three most common vegetables consumed by infants 9 to 11 months of age. By 15 to 18 months, french fries were the most common vegetable. Almost half (46%) of 7- to 8-month-olds consumed some type of dessert, sweet, or sweetened beverage, and this percentage increased as age increased. By 19 to 24 months, 62% of toddlers consumed a baked dessert, 20% consumed candy, and 44% consumed a sweetened beverage. APPLICATIONS: Parents and caregivers should be encouraged to offer a wide variety of vegetables and fruits daily, with emphasis on dark green, leafy, and deep yellow vegetables and colorful fruits. They should offer desserts, sweets, sweetened beverages, and salty snacks only occasionally, offering nutrient-dense, age-appropriate foods as alternatives (eg, fruit, cheese, yogurt, and cereals). Water, milk, and 100% fruit juices should be offered as alternative beverages. Because family food choices influence what foods are offered to children, family-based approaches to developing healthy eating habits may be helpful. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14702014/Feeding_infants_and_toddlers_study:_What_foods_are_infants_and_toddlers_eating L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822303014949 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -