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Reliability and validity of measures used in assessing dental anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian children.
Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2003 Dec; 4(4):197-202.EJ

Abstract

AIM

The aim of the study was to evaluate reliability and validity of different questionnaires and predict related causes, as concomitant factors in assessing different aspects of children's dental anxiety.

STUDY DESIGN

Children were interviewed on dental anxiety, dispositional risk factors and satisfaction with the dentist after dental treatment had been accomplished. Parents were interviewed on dental anxiety as well.

METHODS

The study population included 165 children (91 boys) aged 5 to 15 years, referred to a university dental clinic by general dental practitioners because of a history of fear and uncooperative behaviour during previous dental visits. Children were treated by two dentists, both experienced in treating fearful children.

STATISTICS

Statistical analysis was performed in Statistics for Windows, Release 5.5 and Release 7.5. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated for validity and Cronbach alpha for reliability of the measures. Spearman Brown prophecy formula was used for correction of the alpha scores. Results The children's total average CFSS-DS score was 27.02, with no significant difference with respect to gender. The highest Cronbach alpha scores regarding reliability were obtained for the S-DAI, the CFSS-DS and the PDAS. Pearson's correlations regarding validity presented significant correlations between the CMFQ, the CDAS and the S-DAI, between the OAS, the CDAS and the S-DAI, as well as between the OAS and the DVSS-SV.

CONCLUSION

Previous negative medical experience had significant influence on children's dental anxiety, supporting Rachman's conditioning theory. Anxious children were more likely to show behaviour problems (aggression) and more introvert in expressing their judgement regarding the dentist. Both the S-DAI and the CFSS-DS, which were standardized in the Croatian population sample, showed the highest reliability in assessment of children's dental anxiety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cariology, Endodontology, Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14725503

Citation

Majstorovic, M, et al. "Reliability and Validity of Measures Used in Assessing Dental Anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian Children." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 4, no. 4, 2003, pp. 197-202.
Majstorovic M, Veerkamp JS, Skrinjaric I. Reliability and validity of measures used in assessing dental anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian children. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2003;4(4):197-202.
Majstorovic, M., Veerkamp, J. S., & Skrinjaric, I. (2003). Reliability and validity of measures used in assessing dental anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian children. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 4(4), 197-202.
Majstorovic M, Veerkamp JS, Skrinjaric I. Reliability and Validity of Measures Used in Assessing Dental Anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian Children. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2003;4(4):197-202. PubMed PMID: 14725503.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reliability and validity of measures used in assessing dental anxiety in 5- to 15-year-old Croatian children. AU - Majstorovic,M, AU - Veerkamp,J S, AU - Skrinjaric,I, PY - 2004/1/17/pubmed PY - 2005/3/16/medline PY - 2004/1/17/entrez SP - 197 EP - 202 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 4 IS - 4 N2 - AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate reliability and validity of different questionnaires and predict related causes, as concomitant factors in assessing different aspects of children's dental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: Children were interviewed on dental anxiety, dispositional risk factors and satisfaction with the dentist after dental treatment had been accomplished. Parents were interviewed on dental anxiety as well. METHODS: The study population included 165 children (91 boys) aged 5 to 15 years, referred to a university dental clinic by general dental practitioners because of a history of fear and uncooperative behaviour during previous dental visits. Children were treated by two dentists, both experienced in treating fearful children. STATISTICS: Statistical analysis was performed in Statistics for Windows, Release 5.5 and Release 7.5. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated for validity and Cronbach alpha for reliability of the measures. Spearman Brown prophecy formula was used for correction of the alpha scores. Results The children's total average CFSS-DS score was 27.02, with no significant difference with respect to gender. The highest Cronbach alpha scores regarding reliability were obtained for the S-DAI, the CFSS-DS and the PDAS. Pearson's correlations regarding validity presented significant correlations between the CMFQ, the CDAS and the S-DAI, between the OAS, the CDAS and the S-DAI, as well as between the OAS and the DVSS-SV. CONCLUSION: Previous negative medical experience had significant influence on children's dental anxiety, supporting Rachman's conditioning theory. Anxious children were more likely to show behaviour problems (aggression) and more introvert in expressing their judgement regarding the dentist. Both the S-DAI and the CFSS-DS, which were standardized in the Croatian population sample, showed the highest reliability in assessment of children's dental anxiety. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14725503/Reliability_and_validity_of_measures_used_in_assessing_dental_anxiety_in_5__to_15_year_old_Croatian_children_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7698 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -