Olmesartan inhibits the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha and improves vascular remodeling after vascular injury in mouse.Chin J Traumatol. 2004 Feb; 7(1):56-61.CJ
To investigate the neointima formation and the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in cuff-induced vascular injury in mouse model, and to examine the effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) blocker, olmesartan, on MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression and consequently vascular remodeling.
Vascular injury was induced by polyethylene cuff-placement around the mouse femoral artery. Some mice were treated with AT1 receptor blocker, olmesartan, at the dose of 3 mg.kg(-1).day(-1) with an osmotic minipump. Neointima formation and the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were measured by morphometric analysis and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining.
We observed neointima formation 14 days after cuff placement as well as VSMCs proliferation in the media and neointima. Cuff placement also induced MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression in the media and neointima that the VSMCs specifically existed. Treatment of mice with olmesartan at a dose of 3 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), which did not influence systolic blood pressure, significantly decreased neointima formation and the proliferation of VSMCs. Olmesartan also inhibited MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression in the injured arteries.
Our results demonstrate that blockade of AT1 receptor inhibits MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression and thereby improves vascular remodeling.