Improvement of dermatitis by iontophoretically delivered antisense oligonucleotides for interleukin-10 in NC/Nga mice.Gene Ther. 2004 Feb; 11(3):317-24.GT
IL-10 is overexpressed in skin lesions of atopic dermatitis (AD) patients and believed to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of the disease. Thus the regulation of IL-10 production is a potential solution for immunotherapeutic intervention in AD. We examined the topical delivery of an antisense oligonucleotide for mouse IL-10 (AS6) and the therapeutic effect on the skin lesions of NC/Nga mice, a human AD model. Using an iontophoresis system, about 30% of the applied dose of AS6 penetrated the skin and was distributed in the epidermis and upper dermis. Topically delivered AS6 decreased the levels of mRNA and protein of IL-10 in the lesions of NC/Nga mice, with no effect on IL-4 levels. The dorsal lesions of NC/Nga mice disappeared with repeated topical application of AS6. Topically delivered AS6 showed an inhibitory effect on the production of IL-10 in the skin lesions of NC/Nga mice and had a therapeutic effect on the established dermatitis.