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Puerto Rican primary physicians' knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2003 Dec; 67(12):971-3.BD

Abstract

BACKGROUND

We conducted a study of a group of primary physicians in Puerto Rico to evaluate their knowledge about folic acid supplementation to prevent neural tube defects.

METHOD

The study design was transverse-correlational. A total of 66 primary physicians in two hospitals (public and private) participated in the study. The sample was nonrandom and opportunistic, and only those physicians present in the hospitals at the moment of distribution of the questionnaires participated. A self-administered and anonymous questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics and cross-tabular analysis were used to describe the results of this study. Inferential statistics were also used, including Chi square and t-tests to establish the associations/differences between physician knowledge and the independent variables.

RESULTS

Of the participants, 87.9% demonstrated an inadequate knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects as part of preconception care and only 12.1% demonstrated adequate knowledge. Older physicians had greater knowledge about folic acid. Also, women demonstrated greater knowledge about folic acid than did men. Most of the physicians who always recommend supplementation to their patients demonstrated a greater knowledge about folic acid, and all participants with adequate knowledge came from the public hospital.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite a concerted effort by the Health Department of Puerto Rico to provide education in the importance of folic acid supplementation to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects, primary physicians in two Puerto Rican hospitals generally have not availed themselves of this training and showed a lack of knowledge on this important clinical issue.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Maternal and Child Health Program, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14745916

Citation

Miranda, Ana, et al. "Puerto Rican Primary Physicians' Knowledge About Folic Acid Supplementation for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects." Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology, vol. 67, no. 12, 2003, pp. 971-3.
Miranda A, Dávila Torres RR, Gorrín Peralta JJ, et al. Puerto Rican primary physicians' knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2003;67(12):971-3.
Miranda, A., Dávila Torres, R. R., Gorrín Peralta, J. J., & Montes de Longo, I. (2003). Puerto Rican primary physicians' knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects. Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 67(12), 971-3.
Miranda A, et al. Puerto Rican Primary Physicians' Knowledge About Folic Acid Supplementation for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2003;67(12):971-3. PubMed PMID: 14745916.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Puerto Rican primary physicians' knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects. AU - Miranda,Ana, AU - Dávila Torres,René R, AU - Gorrín Peralta,José J, AU - Montes de Longo,Idalina, PY - 2004/1/28/pubmed PY - 2004/7/28/medline PY - 2004/1/28/entrez SP - 971 EP - 3 JF - Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology JO - Birth Defects Res. Part A Clin. Mol. Teratol. VL - 67 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: We conducted a study of a group of primary physicians in Puerto Rico to evaluate their knowledge about folic acid supplementation to prevent neural tube defects. METHOD: The study design was transverse-correlational. A total of 66 primary physicians in two hospitals (public and private) participated in the study. The sample was nonrandom and opportunistic, and only those physicians present in the hospitals at the moment of distribution of the questionnaires participated. A self-administered and anonymous questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics and cross-tabular analysis were used to describe the results of this study. Inferential statistics were also used, including Chi square and t-tests to establish the associations/differences between physician knowledge and the independent variables. RESULTS: Of the participants, 87.9% demonstrated an inadequate knowledge about folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects as part of preconception care and only 12.1% demonstrated adequate knowledge. Older physicians had greater knowledge about folic acid. Also, women demonstrated greater knowledge about folic acid than did men. Most of the physicians who always recommend supplementation to their patients demonstrated a greater knowledge about folic acid, and all participants with adequate knowledge came from the public hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a concerted effort by the Health Department of Puerto Rico to provide education in the importance of folic acid supplementation to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects, primary physicians in two Puerto Rican hospitals generally have not availed themselves of this training and showed a lack of knowledge on this important clinical issue. SN - 1542-0752 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14745916/Puerto_Rican_primary_physicians'_knowledge_about_folic_acid_supplementation_for_the_prevention_of_neural_tube_defects_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/bdra.10142 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -