Anthropological and clinical characteristics in adolescent women with dysmenorrhea.Coll Antropol. 2003 Dec; 27(2):707-11.CA
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in female adolescents and the influence of anthropological characteristics and lifestyle factors on menstrual pain. Two hundred and ninety seven girls from several elementary and secondary schools were interviewed about the presence of the menstrual pain, their age, height and weight, menarcheal age, menstrual cycles quality, smoking and sexual activity. There were 164 (55%) subjects with and one hundred and thirty three (45%) without dysmenorrhea. The adolescents with dysmenorrhea answered the questions about missing activities and taking pills for pain. No difference was observed between the girls with and the girls without dysmenorrhea in their chronological age, height, weight, menarcheal age, menstrual cycles quality, cigarette smoking and sexual activity. In the group of dysmenorrheic adolescents there was infrequent missing activities and bedrest, but missing school was observed in 22 percent and taking pills for pain was observed in 96 percent of the subjects. Young girls who experienced menstrual pain are good candidates for a prophylactic therapy, such as hormonal contraception. A replication of this study is needed for public health services in the future to improve the quality of life of the dysmenorrheic young women.