Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

HIV epidemic in Central African Republic: high prevalence rates in both rural and urban areas.
J Med Virol. 2004 Mar; 72(3):358-62.JM

Abstract

A sentinel serosurveillance study was conducted in Central African Republic to estimate the prevalence of HIV seropositivity in the general adult population in each province so that the public health authorities can target HIV prevention programmes to the priority areas. Blood samples were collected from women attending 48 antenatal clinics in urban and rural areas of the Central African Republic. These samples were tested for HIV antibodies in an anonymous and unlinked manner using strategy II recommended by WHO. The data were extrapolated to all women of reproductive age in Central African Republic by use of a parity-based adjustment involving the application of correction factors to the observed prevalence rates. A total of 9,305 pregnant women were recruited from November 2001 to October 2002. HIV seroprevalence was high in all age groups (12% in the less than 20 year age group to 17% in the 25-29 year age group). The median prevalence of HIV in antenatal clinics was similar for rural areas, for Bangui and for other urban areas (16.5, 15.0, and 12.5% respectively). Adjustment for parity and fertility pattern increased the prevalence of HIV in all antenatal clinics except in Bangui. This first national study of HIV prevalence in Central African Republic revealed that the HIV epidemic is continuing to spread in both urban and rural areas. Thus, efforts to reduce transmission should be made in every part of the country.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Epidemiology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Bangui, Central African Republic. tilendeno@yahoo.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14748058

Citation

Matsika-Claquin, Marcelle Diane, et al. "HIV Epidemic in Central African Republic: High Prevalence Rates in Both Rural and Urban Areas." Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 72, no. 3, 2004, pp. 358-62.
Matsika-Claquin MD, Massanga M, Ménard D, et al. HIV epidemic in Central African Republic: high prevalence rates in both rural and urban areas. J Med Virol. 2004;72(3):358-62.
Matsika-Claquin, M. D., Massanga, M., Ménard, D., Mazi-Nzapako, J., Ténegbia, J. P., Mandeng, M. J., Willybiro-Sacko, J., Fontanet, A., & Talarmin, A. (2004). HIV epidemic in Central African Republic: high prevalence rates in both rural and urban areas. Journal of Medical Virology, 72(3), 358-62.
Matsika-Claquin MD, et al. HIV Epidemic in Central African Republic: High Prevalence Rates in Both Rural and Urban Areas. J Med Virol. 2004;72(3):358-62. PubMed PMID: 14748058.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - HIV epidemic in Central African Republic: high prevalence rates in both rural and urban areas. AU - Matsika-Claquin,Marcelle Diane, AU - Massanga,Marcel, AU - Ménard,Didier, AU - Mazi-Nzapako,Jean, AU - Ténegbia,Jean-Pierre, AU - Mandeng,Marie-Joëlle, AU - Willybiro-Sacko,Jean, AU - Fontanet,Arnaud, AU - Talarmin,Antoine, PY - 2004/1/30/pubmed PY - 2004/3/30/medline PY - 2004/1/30/entrez SP - 358 EP - 62 JF - Journal of medical virology JO - J Med Virol VL - 72 IS - 3 N2 - A sentinel serosurveillance study was conducted in Central African Republic to estimate the prevalence of HIV seropositivity in the general adult population in each province so that the public health authorities can target HIV prevention programmes to the priority areas. Blood samples were collected from women attending 48 antenatal clinics in urban and rural areas of the Central African Republic. These samples were tested for HIV antibodies in an anonymous and unlinked manner using strategy II recommended by WHO. The data were extrapolated to all women of reproductive age in Central African Republic by use of a parity-based adjustment involving the application of correction factors to the observed prevalence rates. A total of 9,305 pregnant women were recruited from November 2001 to October 2002. HIV seroprevalence was high in all age groups (12% in the less than 20 year age group to 17% in the 25-29 year age group). The median prevalence of HIV in antenatal clinics was similar for rural areas, for Bangui and for other urban areas (16.5, 15.0, and 12.5% respectively). Adjustment for parity and fertility pattern increased the prevalence of HIV in all antenatal clinics except in Bangui. This first national study of HIV prevalence in Central African Republic revealed that the HIV epidemic is continuing to spread in both urban and rural areas. Thus, efforts to reduce transmission should be made in every part of the country. SN - 0146-6615 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14748058/HIV_epidemic_in_Central_African_Republic:_high_prevalence_rates_in_both_rural_and_urban_areas_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.20001 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -