[From gene to disease; galactosemia and galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency].Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2004 Jan 10; 148(2):80-1.NT
Classical galactosaemia (Mendelian Inheritance in Man, no 230400) is an autosomal recessive disorder of galactose metabolism caused by a deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT). The GALT enzyme is responsible for the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate with UDP glucose to glucose-1-phosphate and UDP galactose. The gene encoding for GALT is located on chromosome 9p13. Patients present with hepatomegaly, liver failure, food intolerance, hypoglycaemia, muscle hypotonia, sepsis and cataract. Treatment involving the total restriction of lactose-containing foods is life-saving but many patients develop late complications such as problems of mental development, disorders of motor function, disorders of speech and hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism.