[Percutaneous transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The preliminary experience and proposal of a new method].Radiol Med. 1992 Nov; 84(5):619-25.RM
A new interventional procedure employing metallic stents has been recently suggested to perform percutaneous portosystemic shunts in the treatment of variceal bleeding in portal hypertension; the technique is called TIPSS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt). This percutaneous treatment presents several advantages over surgery: the shunt diameter can be calibrated according to the degree of portal hypertension; moreover, TIPSS can be performed in patients waiting for liver transplantation because it does not alter the vascular anatomy of liver. The original technique employed transhepatic portography. In this paper the authors report on their personal experience and present their series of 4 patients with portal hypertension and variceal bleeding, in whom TIPSS was performed utilizing noninvasive US guidance. Variceal bleeding was successfully treated in all patients and variceal distension was also obtained.