Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist attenuates airway hyperresponsiveness following exposure to ozone.Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2004; 30(6):830-6AJ
The role of an interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) on the development of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and airway inflammation following acute O(3) exposure in mice was investigated. Exposure of C57/BL6 mice to O(3) at a concentration of 2.0 ppm or filtered air for 3 h resulted in increases in airway responsiveness to inhaled methacholine (MCh) 8 and 16 h after the exposure, and an increase in neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. IL-1beta expression, assessed by gene microarray, was increased 2-fold 4 h after O(3) exposure, and returned to baseline levels by 24 h. Levels of IL-1beta in lung homogenates were also increased 8 h after O(3) exposure. Administration of (human) IL-1Ra before and after O(3) exposure prevented development of AHR and decreased BAL fluid neutrophilia. Increases in chemokine levels in lung homogenates, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, MIP-2, and keratinocyte chemoattractant following O(3) exposure were prevented by IL-1Ra. Inhalation of dexamethasone, an inhibitor of IL-1 production, blocked the development of AHR, BAL fluid neutrophilia, and decreased levels of IL-1 following O(3) exposure. In summary, acute exposure to O(3) induces AHR, neutrophilic inflammation, epithelial damage, and IL-1. An IL-1Ra effectively prevents the development of altered airway function, inflammation, and structural damage.