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Intracranial self-administration of ethanol within the ventral tegmental area of male Wistar rats: evidence for involvement of dopamine neurons.
J Neurosci. 2004 Feb 04; 24(5):1050-7.JN

Abstract

Previous work from our laboratory indicated that female Wistar rats will self-administer ethanol (EtOH) directly into the posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA). These results suggested that VTA dopamine (DA) neurons might be involved in mediating the reinforcing actions of EtOH within this region. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the dose-response effects for the self-administration of EtOH into the VTA of male Wistar rats, and (2) the involvement of VTA DA neurons in the reinforcing actions of EtOH within the VTA. Adult male Wistar rats were implanted stereotaxically with guide cannulas aimed at the posterior or anterior VTA. After 1 week, rats were placed in standard two-lever (active and inactive) experimental chambers for a total of seven to eight sessions. The first experiment determined the intracranial self-administration of EtOH (0-400 mg%) into the posterior and anterior VTA. The second experiment examined the effects of coadministration of the D2/3 agonist quinpirole on the acquisition and maintenance of EtOH self-infusions into the posterior VTA. The final experiment determined the effects of a D2 antagonist (sulpiride) to reinstate self-administration behavior in rats given EtOH and quinpirole to coadminister. Male Wistar rats self-infused 100-300 mg% EtOH directly into the posterior, but not anterior, VTA. Coadministration of quinpirole prevented the acquisition and extinguished the maintenance of EtOH self-infusion into the posterior VTA, and addition of sulpiride reinstated EtOH self-administration. The results of this study indicate that EtOH is reinforcing within the posterior VTA of male Wistar rats and suggest that activation of VTA DA neurons is involved in this process.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA. zrodd@iupui.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

14762123

Citation

Rodd, Zachary A., et al. "Intracranial Self-administration of Ethanol Within the Ventral Tegmental Area of Male Wistar Rats: Evidence for Involvement of Dopamine Neurons." The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience, vol. 24, no. 5, 2004, pp. 1050-7.
Rodd ZA, Melendez RI, Bell RL, et al. Intracranial self-administration of ethanol within the ventral tegmental area of male Wistar rats: evidence for involvement of dopamine neurons. J Neurosci. 2004;24(5):1050-7.
Rodd, Z. A., Melendez, R. I., Bell, R. L., Kuc, K. A., Zhang, Y., Murphy, J. M., & McBride, W. J. (2004). Intracranial self-administration of ethanol within the ventral tegmental area of male Wistar rats: evidence for involvement of dopamine neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 24(5), 1050-7.
Rodd ZA, et al. Intracranial Self-administration of Ethanol Within the Ventral Tegmental Area of Male Wistar Rats: Evidence for Involvement of Dopamine Neurons. J Neurosci. 2004 Feb 4;24(5):1050-7. PubMed PMID: 14762123.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intracranial self-administration of ethanol within the ventral tegmental area of male Wistar rats: evidence for involvement of dopamine neurons. AU - Rodd,Zachary A, AU - Melendez,Roberto I, AU - Bell,Richard L, AU - Kuc,Kelly A, AU - Zhang,Ying, AU - Murphy,James M, AU - McBride,William J, PY - 2004/2/6/pubmed PY - 2004/4/16/medline PY - 2004/2/6/entrez SP - 1050 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience JO - J Neurosci VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - Previous work from our laboratory indicated that female Wistar rats will self-administer ethanol (EtOH) directly into the posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA). These results suggested that VTA dopamine (DA) neurons might be involved in mediating the reinforcing actions of EtOH within this region. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the dose-response effects for the self-administration of EtOH into the VTA of male Wistar rats, and (2) the involvement of VTA DA neurons in the reinforcing actions of EtOH within the VTA. Adult male Wistar rats were implanted stereotaxically with guide cannulas aimed at the posterior or anterior VTA. After 1 week, rats were placed in standard two-lever (active and inactive) experimental chambers for a total of seven to eight sessions. The first experiment determined the intracranial self-administration of EtOH (0-400 mg%) into the posterior and anterior VTA. The second experiment examined the effects of coadministration of the D2/3 agonist quinpirole on the acquisition and maintenance of EtOH self-infusions into the posterior VTA. The final experiment determined the effects of a D2 antagonist (sulpiride) to reinstate self-administration behavior in rats given EtOH and quinpirole to coadminister. Male Wistar rats self-infused 100-300 mg% EtOH directly into the posterior, but not anterior, VTA. Coadministration of quinpirole prevented the acquisition and extinguished the maintenance of EtOH self-infusion into the posterior VTA, and addition of sulpiride reinstated EtOH self-administration. The results of this study indicate that EtOH is reinforcing within the posterior VTA of male Wistar rats and suggest that activation of VTA DA neurons is involved in this process. SN - 1529-2401 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14762123/Intracranial_self_administration_of_ethanol_within_the_ventral_tegmental_area_of_male_Wistar_rats:_evidence_for_involvement_of_dopamine_neurons_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -