Intracranial tumors simulating vascular lesions of the brain; a preliminary report.Calif Med. 1951 Apr; 74(4):253-5.CM
Occasionally in the presence of atypical symptoms it is difficult to distinguish between cerebrovascular disorders and intracranial tumors. Intracranial tumor should be suspected in cases of atypical symptoms of vascular lesion or even in typical cases in which the patient does not show expected improvement. In a group of eight cases the problem of differential diagnosis was not confined to those in which the patients were elderly. Furthermore, papilledema and elevated spinal fluid pressure were absent in all these cases. The absence of these signs, therefore, does not eliminate the possibility of an intracranial tumor.The electroencephalogram is an important adjunct in differential diagnosis. In this series, electroencephalograms lateralized the lesion correctly in every case and localized it in one. The importance of repeated electroencephalographic examination if wave patterns are normal in the first tracing was clearly illustrated in three instances.Ventriculography, which in six cases finally established the diagnosis, and the site of the lesion, should not be postponed unnecessarily.